After the end of the Second World War, public attitudes began to change but the Hays Office and the League of Decency still held considerable sway. When the much-loved Ingrid Berman announced she was going to leave her husband to live with Roberto Rossellini, she was the subject of a fierce campaign of character assassination and even denounced on the floor of the US Senate. A Supreme Court ruling in 1952 granting films the same freedom of speech protection as other arts opens the door. It starts with European films being shown in art house theaters but it's the works of Tennessee Williams that really sets the stage for literate films with adult themes. The 1950s was also the time of the sex symbol including Mamie Van Doren, Jayne Mansfield and from Europe, the elegant Sophia Loren. None had quite the impact of Marilyn Monroe, however.