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Drum (1976)

A mid-19th century mulatto slave is torn between his success as a pit-fighter and the injustices of white society.


Steve Carver, Burt Kennedy (uncredited)


Kyle Onstott (based on a novel by), Norman Wexler (screenplay)


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Cast overview, first billed only:
Warren Oates ... Hammond / plantation owner
Isela Vega ... Mariannaone / Drum's mother
Ken Norton ... Drum / Marianna's son
Pam Grier ... Regine / Drum's lover (as Pamela Grier)
Yaphet Kotto ... Blaise / Drum's friend
John Colicos ... Bernard
Fiona Lewis ... Augusta / Maxwell's fiancé
Paula Kelly ... Rachel / Marianna's lover
Royal Dano ... Zeke
Lillian Hayman Lillian Hayman ... Lucretia Borgia
Cheryl Smith ... Sophie / Maxwell's daughter (as Rainbeaux Smith)
Alain Patrick Alain Patrick ... Lazare
Brenda Sykes ... Calinda
Clay Tanner Clay Tanner ... Mr. Holcomb
Lila Finn Lila Finn ... Mrs. Holcomb


Drum has been born to a white prostitute Marianna, who raises him with her black lesbian lover Rachel. He grows up to be a fighter and is often forced to bare-knuckle-box other slaves for the entertainment of the owners, one of whom is a gay Frenchman named Bernard. Bernard wants to sleep with Drum, but Drum rejects him and Bernard vows revenge against him. Drum and his friend Blaise are eventually sold to plantation owner, Hammond and are both taken to his plantation to work. Regine is purchased by Hammond as well and is taken to the plantation for his own personal desires as a bedwench. After arriving at Hammond's plantation, Regine is set up in the bedroom above Hammond. Augusta, Hammond's fiancé is jealous and has other plans for Regine. Hammond's daughter Sophie wants to sleep with Drum, but he won't for fear of being killed. Sophie also attempts to sleep with Blaise and after being rejected, tells her father that Blaise has raped her, which is a lie. Blaise is put in chains and ...

Plot Summary | Add Synopsis


The White Men Wanted A Stud To Breed Slaves. The White Women Wanted Much More ... See more »


Action | Drama


R | See all certifications »

Parents Guide:

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Release Date:

27 August 1976 (West Germany) See more »

Also Known As:

Drum See more »

Filming Locations:

Louisiana, USA

Company Credits

Show more on IMDbPro »

Technical Specs


Sound Mix:



Color (Metrocolor)

Aspect Ratio:

1.85 : 1
See full technical specs »

Did You Know?


The film was made and released about fourteen years after its source novel of the same name by Kyle Onstott had been first published in 1962. The film's prequel Mandingo (1975) by the same novelist was first published around five years earlier in 1957. The novels are known as the "Falconhurst" series of novels named after the name of the Alabama plantation estate that features as the book's central locale. See more »


Actually internally, within the US, the slave trade was still legal. It was the Atlantic Slave trade that was outlawed in 1808. Internal slave trading existing up until the Civil War. See more »


Hammond Maxwell: What we been makin' ain't love!
See more »


Referenced in The Cinema Snob: Staying Alive (2015) See more »

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User Reviews

The sequel to "Mandingo"
2 February 2005 | by rcj5365See all my reviews

This was one of the worst films of 1976,and the sequel to one of the most successful,if not eyeopening and explicitly violent films of 1975 was basically in a class by itself. Since it is very hard to top the original,since in this installment it is more deliriously fever-pitched than the ending of Mandingo--in which a plantation master is shot and his main slave gets boiled in oil--but the sequel,"Drum",the mangy installment to Mandingo certainly tries. This is in fact a sort-of-a sequel to 'Mandingo',a movie that tried to walk a fine line between being a "serious" drama and a silly but fun exploitation movie that really pushed the envelope with its extreme subject matter. "Drum",went beyond the expectations of what its precessdor did and even went farther that its limits could go. Again,producer Dino DeLaurentiis is behind the second installment,but this time instead of director Richard Fleischer(who directed "Mandingo"),the man behind the director's helm this time around is none other than the king of the "B" movie/drive-in trash flicks,Steve Carver.

This was in fact the same director who made the trash flicks which consisted of action dramas("The Arena",1972),("Big Bad Mama",1974), biographical dramas("Capone",1975),tales based on the works of Edgar Allen Poe("The Tall Tale Heart",1971),the action flicks starring Chuck Norris("An Eye For An Eye",1981),("Lone Wolf McQuade",1983),the Lee Majors action/espionage flick("Steel",1980),works based on the novels by Alistair McLean("River Of Death",1989),teen comedies("Jocks",1987), and horror flicks("The Wolves",1994),in which all can be viewed with a acquired taste. In all sheer entertainment value.

In "Drum"(1976),the film has a disguise for being a Drive-In feel but it doesn't act like one,and it shows in some of the outrageous scenes. Again,Ken Norton returns as the son of Mandingo,and plays a different sort of character than he did in the first one. Also on board in this installment is Warren Oates,who plays Hammond Maxwell,who Perry King played in the first one. As the story goes,the late slave-owner's son follows in his father's footsteps and purchases Drum(Ken Norton),and Blaise(Yaphet Kotto) from bordella hostess Marianna(Isela Vega). Marianna is actually Drum's mother,although her slave-mistress and lesbian lover Rachel(Paula Kelly) in fact brought up the boy. Thrown into the package to Hammond is Drum's girlfriend Regine(Pam Grier),who was purchased to satisfy the the carnal urges of Mr. Hammond. However, Augusta Chauvet(Fiona Lewis)setting her sites on Hammond has other plans. Drum is such a perfect specimen of slave that neither man nor women cannot keep their hands off of him. And rest of it gets really ridiculous and in other words,unbelievable in some of the scenes which pushes the envelope more further into detail than its precessdor. Its looks very stoic until the climactic slave revolt breaks out towards the end of the film,guaranteeing more blood and carnage than 'Mandingo' ever hope to provide. This is pure exploitative trash and it is very proud of not turning away from the material. The main reasons to see this film is due to the starring presence of Warren Oates in his most enjoyable and underrated performances. A must for all die-hard fans of Warren Oates.

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