Mary Wickes Poster


Jump to: Overview (4)  | Mini Bio (1)  | Trivia (52)  | Personal Quotes (3)  | Salary (4)

Overview (4)

Born in St. Louis, Missouri, USA
Died in Los Angeles, California, USA  (renal failure, massive gastrointestinal bleeding, severe hypotension, ischemic cardiomyopathy, anemia and breast cancer)
Birth NameMary Isabelle Wickenhauser
Height 5' 10" (1.78 m)

Mini Bio (1)

From the grand old school of wisecracking, loud and lanky Mary Wickes had few peers while forging a career as a salty scene-stealer. Her abrupt, tell-it-like-it-is demeanor made her a consistent audience favorite on every medium for over six decades. She was particularly adroit in film parts that chided the super rich or exceptionally pious, and was a major chastiser in generation-gap comedies. TV holds a vault full of not-to-be-missed vignettes where she served as a brusque foil to many a top TV comic star. Case in point: who could possibly forget her merciless ballet taskmaster, Madame Lamond, putting Lucille Ball through her rigorous paces at the ballet bar in a classic I Love Lucy (1951) episode?

Unlike the working-class characters she embraced, this veteran character comedienne was actually born Mary Isabella Wickenhauser on June 13, 1910, in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of a well-to-do banker. Of Irish and German heritage, she grew into a society débutante following high school and graduated from Washington University in St. Louis with a degree in political science. She forsook a law career, however, after being encouraged by a college professor to try theater, and she made her debut doing summer stock in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. The rest, as they say, is history.

Prodded on by the encouragement of stage legend Ina Claire whom she met doing summer theater, Mary transported herself to New York where she quickly earned a walk-on part in the Broadway play "The Farmer Takes a Wife" starring Henry Fonda in 1934. In the show she also understudied The Wizard of Oz (1939)'s "Wicked Witch" Margaret Hamilton, and earned excellent reviews when she went on in the part. Plain and hawkish in looks while noticeably tall and gawky in build, Mary was certainly smart enough to see that comedy would become her career path and she enjoyed showing off in roles playing much older than she was. New York stage work continued to pour in, and she garnered roles in "Spring Dance" (1936), "Stage Door" (1936), "Hitch Your Wagon" (1937), "Father Malachy's Miracle (1937) and, in an unusual bit of casting, Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre production of "Danton's Death." All the while she kept fine-tuning her acting craft in summer stock.

A series of critically panned plays followed until a huge door opened for her in the form of Miss Preen, the beleaguered nurse to an acid-tongued, wheelchair-bound radio star (played by the hilarious Monty Woolley) in the George S. Kaufman/Moss Hart comedy "The Man Who Came to Dinner." Oddly enough, for once, it was Mary doing the cowering. The play was the toast of Broadway for two wacky years and she went on tour with it as well. She also become a Kaufman favorite.

Hollywood took notice as well, and when Warner Bros. decided to film the play, it allowed both Mary and Woolley to recreate their classic roles. The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942), which co-starred Bette Davis and Ann Sheridan, was a grand film hit and Mary was now officially on board in Hollywood, given plenty of chances to freelance. At Warners she lightened up the proceedings a bit in the Bette Davis tearjerker Now, Voyager (1942) as the nurse to Gladys Cooper. Elsewhere she traded quips with Lou Costello as a murder suspect in the amusing whodunit Who Done It? (1942); played a WAC in Private Buckaroo (1942) with The Andrews Sisters; and dished out her patented smart-alecky services in both Happy Land (1943) and My Kingdom for a Cook (1943).

Mary returned to Broadway for a few seasons, often for Kaufman, and did some radio work as well, but returned to Hollywood and played yet another nurse in The Decision of Christopher Blake (1948), a part written especially for her. She appeared with 'Bette Davis (I)' for a third time in June Bride (1948), finding some fine moments playing a magazine editor. Mary went on to perform yeoman work in On Moonlight Bay (1951) and its sequel, By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953); I'll See You in My Dreams (1951); White Christmas (1954) and The Music Man (1962), the last as one of the "Pick-A-Little, Talk-A-Little" housewives of River City.

Television roles also began filtering in for Mary as she continued to put her cryptic comedy spin on her harried housekeepers, teachers, servants and other working commoner types. Mary played second banana to a queue of comedy's best known legends in the 1950s and 1960s, notably Lucille Ball (who was a long-time neighbor and pal off-screen), Danny Thomas, Red Skelton, Bob Hope, Jack Benny, Jimmy Durante, Peter Lind Hayes and Gertrude Berg. Her stellar work with Ms. Berg on the series The Gertrude Berg Show (1961) garnered Mary an Emmy nomination. Among babyboomers, she is probably best remembered as Miss Cathcart in Dennis the Menace (1959).

In later years Mary's gangly figure filled out a bit as she continued to appear here and there on the small screen in both guest star and series' regular parts. Later in life she enjoyed a bit of a resurgence. Recalled earlier for her Sister Clarissa in the madcap comedy films The Trouble with Angels (1966) and its sequel, Where Angels Go Trouble Follows! (1968), both with Rosalind Russell, Mary donned the habit once again decades later as crabby musical director Sister Mary Lazarus in the box-office smash Sister Act (1992) and its sequel, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit (1993). She also churned out a few roles as cranky, matter-of-fact relatives in both Postcards from the Edge (1990) as Meryl Streep's grandmother and 'Shirley Maclaine''s mother, and in Little Women (1994) as Aunt March opposite Winona Ryder Jo. True to form, one of her last roles was voicing a gargoyle in the animated The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), which was released after her death.

The never-married Los Angeles-based performer died in October of 1995 after entering the hospital with respiratory problems. While a patient there, Mary suffered a broken hip from an accidental fall and complications quickly set in following surgery. She was 85 years young. When it came to deadpan comedy, Mary was certainly no second banana. She was a truly a star.

- IMDb Mini Biography By: Gary Brumburgh / gr-home@pacbell.net

Trivia (52)

Perhaps remembered best as Nurse Preen, opposite a delightfully irascible Monty Woolley, in William Keighley's The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942) or, on TV, as Miss Cathcart in Dennis the Menace (1959) (1959-1963).
She appeared as her Sister Act (1992) character in Lady Soul's "If My Sister's In Trouble" music video.
Mary and Lucille Ball were neighbors and the closest of friends for decades.
She was a sister in Phi Mu Fraternity, Zeta Epsilon Chapter (Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri).
She served as the live-action reference model for the villainous Cruella De Vil in Disney's animated feature One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961).
Mary originated the role of "Mary Poppins" on CBS-TV in 1949.
Was given an honorary Doctor of Arts from her alma mater, Washington University, in 1969. She earned her Master's degree at UCLA when she was in her 80s.
More than 30 years after a role that brought her fame on Broadway, she once again played the role of Nurse Preen ("Miss Bedpan") in a special TV version of The Man Who Came to Dinner (1972), with Orson Welles replacing the late Monty Woolley in the role of Sheridan Whiteside.
Was a volunteer at the Hospital of the Good Samaritan in Los Angeles for years.
Played a bus driving nun in two movie franchises: as Sister Clarissa in The Trouble with Angels (1966) and its sequel Where Angels Go Trouble Follows! (1968), and as Sister Mary Lazarus in Sister Act (1992) and its sequel Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit (1993).
Interred beside her parents at the Shiloh Valley Cemetery in Shiloh, Illinois.
Known for the Nurse Preen role from the story "The Man Who Came to Dinner", Mary Wickes portrayed her in the original Broadway production in 1939, the movie version, a television series and in the 1972 Hallmark Hall of Fame production.
She was a lifelong Republican and a solid supporter of Ronald Reagan especially.
She and Doris Day appeared together in four movies: On Moonlight Bay (1951), I'll See You in My Dreams (1951), By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953), and It Happened to Jane (1959). Wickes also guest-starred on the first season of Day's TV series The Doris Day Show (1968).
Daughter of Frank (1880-1943), born in the state of Missouri, and Mary (née Hetherington) Wickenhauser (1887-1965), born in the state of Illinois.
Appeared on the Will Shriner show in 1988.
Appeared on the Merv Griffin Show on March 17, 1969.
Co-starred at the Berkshire Playhouse in Stockbridge, Massachusetts during the 1934 season with Montgomery Clift, in his first professional acting assignment, in the play Fly Away Home.
Appeared on Tattle Tales in 1976.
Was a recurring panelist on Match Game from 1976-1978.
Her work on tv commercials include Ford Automobile (February 1969), Cudahy Meats (November 1969), Snowy Bleach (November 1970), Era Laundry Detergent (September 1972) and Crisco Oil (September 1980).
Her private papers are on deposit in the archives of Washington University in St Louis.
Her first professional theatre appearances were in 1933 as Sophia is Reunion In Vienna and Helen Hallam in Another Language with the Arthur Casey Stock Company.
Worked as a camp counselor during several summers at the Frank Wyman Outing Farm near Eureka, Missouri.
Entered Washington University in September 1926 at the age of 16 where she majored in English literature and political science. She had been pushed ahead two years in grade school.
Her father Frank was a 32nd degree Mason and active in the Shriners' Moolah Temple in St. Louis.
Attended Harrison Elementary School in St. Louis from 1918 to 1922.
From Fall of 1930 through June of 1931 she attended the Hadley Vocational School in St Louis where she took stenography classes.
College classmates included Howard Morgens, future President of Proctor & Gamble; prominent lawyer and political insider Clark Clifford; and, Kay Thompson, celebrated actress and nightclub performer and writer of the Eloise At The Plaza stories.
Two of her illustrious ancestors on her mother's side, include William Kinney (1781-1843) who served as lieutenant governor of Illinois from 1826-1830; and, John McLean (1785-1861), who served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice where he wrote one of two dissenting opinions on the court's infamous Dred Scott case.
Her mother Isabella was a matron of the Tuscan chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star and active in the Temple Club which raised money for Shriners Hospitals. She held leadership positions in the Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs.
After graduating from Washington University she secured a job on campus as the university's assistant publicity director.
While attending Washington University she was President of the Freshman Commission, President of her Phi Mu sorority, President of Mortar Board and Treasurer of the Panhellenic Association. She was on the women's intercollegiate debating team, the women's building executive committee and junior prom committee. She graduated in June 1930.
College classmate of political advisor Clark Clifford.
During university she was a member of Washington University's dramatic society, Thyrsus. She performed in musicals through its Quandrangle Club.
After high school performed in St Louis community theater in all--women casts. Productions included Flood Sufferers (1927), Belle Of Barcelona (1927), Sweethearts (1928) and Spring Maid (1929).
From 1929 to 1934 she performed in productions at the St. Louis Little Theatre. The roles included, among others, Alison's House (Louise), Cock Robin (Maria Scott), The Constant Nymph (Kate Sanger), Escape (Dolly), The Good Fairy (Karoline), The Makropoulos Secret (Marie) and The Follies Of 1934 (Jo in a parody called Little Women--Just Little Women).
In July 1949 co-starred in The Torch Bearers at the Bucks County (Pennsylvania) Playhouse with Grace Kelly in her first professional acting assignment.
Attended Yeatman High School in St. Louis. Graduated in 1926 from Beaumont High School which had opened to alleviate crowding at Yeatman.
Attended Washington University with writer/producer Edmund Hartmann.
Began public school at Cupples School on Cote Brilliante Avenue in St. Louis.
Worked as social secretary for Margaret Huston (sister of Walter Huston) in Fall of 1934 while she was auditioning for roles on Broadway.
In 1977 she presented a four-week course of acting in comedy at her alumni Washington University in St. Louis, MO.
Appeared in the 1974 production of Juno & The Paycock in Los Angeles, appearing alongside Jack Lemmon, Walter Matthau and Maureen Stapleton of whom she was also her understudy.
Was the Washington University (St. Louis, MO) first artist in residence in 1968 working for a month with the performing arts students.
Lectured on "The Thought & Feel Of Comedy" at the College of San Mateo in 1973.
Taught a seminar on comic acting at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco.
In 1981 she taught seminar at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, VA.
During World War II in New York she volunteered with the Hospital Committee of the American Theatre Wing War Service.
While shooting Father Dowling Mysteries she volunteered at Denver General Hospital.
When she lived in Crescent Heights in Los Angeles she volunteered at Good Samaritan Hospital. Later, while living in Century City she volunteered at UCLA Medical Center.
Appeared on a episode of the Charlotte Peters Show in 1965 which was broadcast locally in St Louis, MO.

Personal Quotes (3)

Women like me. They think I'm wholesome or something.
I can't stand those who talk only acting. That's pretty bad.
I love playing good comedy with a heart, comedy which touches the audience.

Salary (4)

Art Trouble (1934) $25
Dear Heart (1964) $3,000
The Jimmy Stewart Show (1971) $1,000
Sister Act (1992) $150,000

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