People of Film

by lelbin | created - 15 Jul 2014 | updated - 2 days ago | Public

1. Stanley Kubrick

Director | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan, New York City, to Sadie Gertrude (Perveler) and Jacob Leonard Kubrick, a physician. His family were Jewish immigrants (from Austria, Romania, and Russia). Stanley was considered intelligent, despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would ...

1. A Clockwork Orange, 1971 | 2. The Shining, 1980 | 3. Barry Lyndon, 1975 | 4. 2001: A Space Odyssey, 1968 | 5. Eyes Wide Shut, 1999 | 6. Dr. Strangelove, 1964 | 7. Paths Of Glory, 1957 | 8. Lolita, 1962 | 9. Full Metal Jacket, 1987 | 10. The Killing, 1956 | 11. Spartacus, 1960 | 12. Killer's Kiss, 1955 | 13. Day Of The Fight, 1952 | 14. Fear And Desire, 1953 | 15. Flying Padre, 1951 | 16. The Seafarers, 1953 |

2. Ingmar Bergman

Writer | Smultronstället

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, The Best Intentions (1992) is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Private Confessions (1996) is the ...

1. The Seventh Seal, 1957 | 2. Persona, 1966 | 3. Wild Strawberries, 1957 | 4. Scenes From A Marriage, 1974 | 5. Fanny & Alexander, 1982 | 6. Winter Light, 1963 | 7. Hour Of The Wolf, 1968 | 8. Cries & Whispers, 1972 | 9. The Virgin Spring, 1960 | 10. Summer With Monika, 1953 | 11. The Silence, 1963 | 12. Smiles Of A Summer Night, 1955 | 13. Shame, 1969 | 14. The Magician, 1958 | 15. Autumn Sonata, 1978 | 16. Saraband, 2003 | 17. The Rite, 1969 | 18. En Passion, 1969 | 19. Through A Glass Darkly, 1961 | 20. Aus Dem Leben Der Marionetten, 1980 | 21. Brink Of Life, 1958 |

3. Federico Fellini

Writer | Amarcord

The women who both attracted and frightened him and an Italy dominated in his youth by Mussolini and Pope Pius XII - inspired the dreams that Fellini started recording in notebooks in the 1960s. Life and dreams were raw material for his films. His native Rimini and characters like Saraghina (the ...

1. 8 1/2, 1963 2. La Dolce Vita, 1960 3. La Strada, 1954 4. Amarcord, 1973 5. IL Casanova, 1976 6. Roma, 1972 7. I Vitteloni, 1952 8. La Notti di Cabiria, 1957 9. Boccaccio '70, 1962 10. Prova d'Orchestra, 1978 11. Fellini - Satyricon, 1969 12. Ginger e Fred, 1986

4. Andrei Tarkovsky

Writer | Solyaris

The most famous Soviet film-maker since Sergei M. Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky (the son of noted poet Arseniy Tarkovsky) studied music and Arabic in Moscow before enrolling in the Soviet film school V.G.I.K. He shot to international attention with his first feature, Ivan's Childhood (1962), which ...

1. Stalker, 1979 2. Solyaris, 1972 3. Andrej Roebljov, 1966 4. Offret, 1986 5. Ivanovo Destvostvo, 1962 6. Zerkalo, 1975 7. Nostalghia, 1983 8. The Steamroller And The Violin, 1961 9. The Killers, 1956 10. There Will Be No Leave Today, 1959

5. Jean-Pierre Melville

Actor | À bout de souffle

The name "Melville" is not immediately associated with film. It conjures up images of white whales and crackbrained captains, of naysaying notaries and soup-spilling sailors. It is the countersign to a realm of men and their deeds, both heroic and villainous. It is the American novel, with its ...

1. Le Samouraï, 1967 2. The Army Of Shadows, 1969 3. L Cercle Rouge, 1970 4. Le Doulos, 1963 5. Second Breath, 1966 6. Les Enfants Terribles, 1950 7. Un Flic, 1972 8. Leon Morin, Priest, 1961 9. La Silence De La Mer, 1949 10. Bob Le Flambeur, 1956

6. Alfred Hitchcock

Director | Psycho

Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. He was the son of Emma Jane (Whelan; 1863 - 1942) and East End greengrocer William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914). His parents were both of half English and half Irish ancestry. He had two older siblings, William Hitchcock (born 1890) and ...

1. Psycho, 1960 | 2. Rear Window, 1954 | 3. Lifeboat, 1944 | 4. Strangers on a Train, 1951 | 5. Vertigo, 1958 | 6. Rope, 1948 | 7. North by Northwest, 1959 | 8. Dial M for Murder, 1954 | 9. The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog, 1927 | 10. The Wrong Man, 1956 | 11. To Catch a Thief, 1955 | 12. Shadow of a Doubt, 1943 | 13. The Birds, 1963 | 14. The 39 Steps, 1935 |15. Saboteur, 1942 | 16. Sabotage, 1936 | 17. I Confess, 1953 | 18. Foreign Correspondent, 1940 | 19. The Lady Vanishes, 1938 | 20. Notorious, 1946 | 21. Blackmail, 1929 | 22. Spellbound, 1945 | 23. The Man Who Knew Too Much, 1956 | 24. Rebecca, 1940 | 25. Suspicion, 1941 | 26. Secret Agent, 1936 | 27. Jamaica Inn, 1939 | 28. The Trouble with Harry, 1955 | 29. The Man Who Knew Too Much, 1934 | 30. The Farmer's Wife, 1925 | 31. The Manxman, 1928 | 32. Young & Innocent, 1937 |

7. Yasujirô Ozu

Director | Tôkyô monogatari

Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theatre. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later, he was made an assistant director and directed his first ...

1. Late Spring, 1949 2. Tokyo Story, 1953 3. An Autumn Afternoon, 1962 4. Late Autumn, 1960 5. Early Summer, 1951 6. Floating Weeds, 1959 7. Equinox Flower, 1958 8. Record Of A Tenement Gentleman, 1947 9. Good Morning, 1959 10. Don't Tell Your Wife About It, 1937 11. A Hen In The Wind, 1948 12. The Story Of Floating Weeds, 1934 13. Fighting Friends, 1929

8. Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Writer | Faustrecht der Freiheit

Above all, Rainer Werner Fassbinder was a rebel whose life and art was marked by gross contradiction. Openly homosexual, he married twice; one of his wives acted in his films and the other served as his editor. Accused variously by detractors of being anticommunist, male chauvinist, antiSemitic and...

1. Berlin Alexanderplatz, 1980 2. Angst Essen Seele Auf, 1974 3. Welt Am Draht, 1973 4. Die Bitteren Tränen der Petra von Kant, 1972 5. Die Sehnsucht der Veronika Voss, 1982 6. Händler Der Vier Jahreszeiten, 1971 7. Lola, 1981 8. Faustrecht der Freiheit, 1975 9. Despair, 1978 10. Die Ehe der Maria Braun, 1979 11. Fontane Effi Briest, 1974 12. Warnung Vor Einer Heiliger Nutte, 1970 13. Lili Marlene, 1981 14. Deutschland Im Herbst, 1977

9. Werner Herzog

Director | Fitzcarraldo

Director. Writer. Producer. Actor. Poet. He studied history, literature and theatre for some time, but didn't finish it and founded instead his own film production company in 1963. Later in his life, Herzog also staged several operas in Bayreuth, Germany, and at the Milan Scala in Italy. Herzog has...

1. Aguirre, Der Zorn Gottes, 1972 | 2. Fitzcarraldo, 1982 | 3. Nosferatu: Phantom Der Nacht, 1979 | 4. Into The Abyss, 2011 | 5. Jeder Für Sich Und Gott Gegen Alle, 1974 | 6. Cave Of Forgotten Dreams, 2010 | 7. Happy People: A Year In The Taiga, 2009 | 8. Herz Aus Glas, 1976 | 9. The White Diamond, 2004 | 10. Encounters At The End Of The World, 2007 | 11. Lo & Behold, 2016 | 12. Rescue Dawn, 2006 | 13. Woyczeck, 1978 | 14. Klaus Kinski - Mein Liebster Feind, 1999 | 15. Grizzly Man, 2005 | 16. Into The Inferno, 2016 | 17. Fata Morgana, 1971 | 18. Cobra Verde, 1987 |

10. Billy Wilder

Writer | The Apartment

Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...

1. The Apartment, 1960 2. Sunset Boulevard, 1950 3. Double Idemnity, 1944 4. Some Like It Hot, 1959 5. Ace In The Hole, 1951 6. The Lost Weekend, 1945 7. A Foreign Affair, 1948 8. Witness For The Prosecution, 1957 9. The Seven Year Itch, 1955 10. Stalag 17, 1953 11. The Major And The Minor, 1942

11. Akira Kurosawa

Writer | Ran

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Sanshiro Sugata (1943). Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater...

1. Seven Samurai, 1954 | 2. Rashomon, 1950 | 3. Ikiru, 1952 | 4. High And Low, 1963 | 5. Sanjuro, 1962 | 6. Throne Of Blood, 1958 | 7. Scandal, 1950 | 8. Kagemusha, 1980 | 9. The Hidden Fortress, 1958 | 10. Dersu Uzala, 1975 | 11. Rhapsody In August, 1991 | 12. Ran, 1985 | 13. The Quiet Duel, 1949 | 14. Yojimbo, 1963 | 15. The Bad Sleep Well, 1960 | 16. They Who Step On The Tigers Trail, 1945

12. Joel Coen

Producer | The Ballad of Buster Scruggs

Joel Coen was born on November 29, 1954 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA as Joel Daniel Coen. He is a producer and writer, known for The Ballad of Buster Scruggs (2018), Fargo (1996) and Inside Llewyn Davis (2013). He has been married to Frances McDormand since April 1, 1984. They have one child.

1. No Country For Old Men, 2007 | 2. The Big Lebowski, 1998 | 3. Fargo, 1996 | 4. Barton Fink, 1991 | 5. Millers Crossing, 1990 | 6. O Brother, Where Art Thou, 2000 | 7. A Serious Man, 2009 | 8. Burn After Reading, 2008 | 9. The Man Who Wasn't There, 2001 | 10. Blood Simple, 1984 | 11. Inside Llewyn Davis, 2013 | 12. Hail, Ceasar!, 2016 | 13. The Hudsucker Proxy, 1994 | 14. True Grit, 2010 | 15. Intolerable Cruelty, 2003 | 16. Raising Arizona, 1987 | 17. The Ladykillers, 2004 |

13. Robert Bresson

Writer | Au hasard Balthazar

Robert Bresson trained as a painter before moving into films as a screenwriter, making a short film (atypically a comedy), Public Affairs (1934) in 1934. After spending more than a year as a German POW during World War II, he made his debut with Angels of Sin (1943) in 1943. His next film, Les ...

1. Mouchette, 1967 2. Au Hasard Balthasar, 1966 3. A Man Escaped, 1956 4. La Proces de Jeanne d'Arc, 1962 5. Pickpocket, 1959 6. Les Anges du Péche, 1943 7. Diary Of A Country Priest, 1951 8. L'Argent, 1983 9. Les Dames Du Bois De Boulogne, 1945

14. Michael Haneke

Writer | Caché

A true master of his craft, Michael Haneke is one of the greatest film artists working today and one who challenges his viewers each year and work goes by, with films that reflect real portions of life in realistic, disturbing and unforgettable ways. One of the most genuine filmmakers of the world ...

1. Das Weisse Band, 2009 2. Amour, 2012 3. Benny's Video, 1992 4. Caché, 2005 5. La Pianiste, 2001 6. Funny Games, 1997 7. 71 Fragment's Of A Chronology Of Chance, 1994 8. Happy End, 2017 9. Funny Games US, 2007 10. Der Siebente Kontinent, 1989 11. Code Inconnu: Récit Incomplet de Divers Voyages, 2001

15. Charles Chaplin

Writer | The Great Dictator

Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the ...

1. The Great Dictator, 1940 2. Modern Times, 1936 3. The Gold Rush, 1925 4. The Kid, 1921 5. City Lights, 1931 6. The Circus, 1928 7. Limelight, 1953 8. Monsieur Verdoux, 1946 9. A Woman of Paris, 1923 10. A King in New York, 1957 11. A Countess from Hong Kong, 1967

*All Short Films*

16. Martin Scorsese

Director | Taxi Driver

Martin Charles Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York City, to Catherine Scorsese (née Cappa) and Charles Scorsese, who both worked in Manhattan's garment district, and whose families both came from Palermo, Sicily. He was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later ...

1. Taxi Driver, 1976 | 2. The King Of Comedy, 1983 | 3. The Departed, 2006 | 4. Shutter Island, 2010 | 5. After Hours, 1985 | 6. Goodfellas, 1990 | 7. Mean Streets, 1973 | 8. Raging Bull, 1980 | 9. The Wolf Of Wall Street, 2013 | 10. The Aviator, 2004 | 11. Hugo, 2011 | 12. Gangs Of New York, 2002 | 13. Who's That Knocking At My Door, 1967 | 14. The Big Shave, 1968 | 15. The Age Of Innocence, 1993 | 16. Casino, 1995 | 17. Cape Fear, 1991 |

17. Sidney Lumet

Director | 12 Angry Men

Sidney Lumet was a master of cinema, best known for his technical knowledge and his skill at getting first-rate performances from his actors -- and for shooting most of his films in his beloved New York. He made over 40 movies, often complex and emotional, but seldom overly sentimental. Although ...

1. Twelve Angry Men, 1957 2. Dog Day Afternoon, 1975 3. Network, 1976 4. Serpico, 1972 5. The Verdict, 1982 6. Murder On The Orient Express, 1974 7. Before The Devil Knows You're Dead, 2007

18. Kenji Mizoguchi

Director | Ugetsu monogatari

Coming from a lower class family Mizoguchi entered the production company Nikkatsu as an actor specialized in female roles. Later he became an assistant director and made his first film in 1922. Although he filmed almost 90 movies in the silent era, only his last 12 productions are really known ...

1. Sansho The Bailiff, 1954 2. The Life Of Oharu, 1952 3. Ugetsu Monogatari, 1953 4. The Crucified Lovers, 1954 5. The Story Of The Last Chrystanthemum, 1939 6. The 47 Ronin, 1941 7. Osaka Elegy, 1936 8. Flame Of My Love, 1949

19. John Ford

Director | The Quiet Man

John Ford came to Hollywood following one of his brothers, an actor. Asked what brought him to Hollywood, he replied "The train". He became one of the most respected directors in the business, in spite of being known for his westerns, which were not considered "serious" film. He won six Oscars, ...

1. The Grapes Of Wrath, 1940 | 2. The Searchers, 1956 | 3. Stagecoach, 1939 | 4. How Green Was My Valley, 1941 | 5. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, 1962 | 6. My Darling Clementine, 1946 | 7. Young Mr. Lincoln, 1938 | 8. The Prisoner Of Shark Island, 1936 | 9. The Quiet Man, 1952 | 10. Mister Roberts, 1955 | 11. Fort Apache, 1948 | 12. The Informer, 1935 | 13. Wagon Master, 1950 | 14. Rio Grande, 1950 | 15. Judge Priest, 1934 | 16. She Wore A Yellow Ribbon, 1949 | 17. The Lost Patrol, 1934 |

20. David Lynch

Writer | Twin Peaks

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future ...

1. Mulholland Dr., 2001 2. Lost Highway, 1997 3. Blue Velvet, 1986 4. The Straight Story, 1999 5. Eraserhead, 1977 6. Inland Empire, 2006 7. Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me, 1992 8. The Elephant Man, 1980 9. Dune, 1984 10. Wild At Heart, 1990

21. Luis Buñuel

Writer | Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the ...

1. The Exterminating Angel, 1962 2. Un Chien Andalou, 1929 3. Le Discret Charme de la Bourgeoisie, 1972 4. Los Olvidados, 1950 5. Nazarín, 1959 6. Le Fantome de la Liberté, 1974 7. That Obscure Object Of Desire, 1977 8. Diary Of A Chambermaid, 1964 9. Belle de Jour, 1968 10. The Young One, 1960 11. Simon el Desierto, 1965 12. L'Age d'Or, 1930 13. Viridiana, 1961 14. Las Hurdes, 1933

22. Jean-Luc Godard

Director | Pierrot le fou

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of ...

1. Breathless, 1960 | 2. Alphaville, 1965 | 3. Week End, 1967 | 4. Le Mépris, 1963 | 5. Vivre Sa Vie, 1962 | 6. Bande á Part, 1964 | 7. Masculin Feminin, 1966 | 8. Un Femme Mariée, 1964 | 9. Pierrot le Fou, 1965 | 10. Un Femme est un Femme, 1961 | 11. Adieu au Language 3D, 2014 | 12. Prénom Carmen, 1983 | 13. Sauve qui peut (La Vie), 1980 | 14. Notre Musique, 2004 | 15. Une Histoire d'Eau, 1961 |

23. Woody Allen

Writer | Manhattan

Woody Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935 in Brooklyn, New York, to Nettie (Cherrie), a bookkeeper, and Martin Konigsberg, a waiter and jewellery engraver. His father was of Russian Jewish descent, and his maternal grandparents were Austrian Jewish immigrants. As a young boy...

1. Annie Hall, 1977 | 2. Manhattan, 1979 | 3. Manhattan Murder Mystery, 1993 | 4. Midnight In Paris, 2011 | 5. Zelig, 1983 | 6. Broadway Danny Rose, 1984 | 7. Love And Death, 1975 | 8. Radio Days, 1987 | 9. Sleeper, 1973 | 10. Café Society, 2016 | 11. Hannah And Her Sisters, 1986 | 12. Husbands & Wives, 1992 | 13. Stardust Memories, 1980 | 14. Blue Jasmine, 2013 | 15. Crimes And Misdemeanors, 1986 | 16. The Purple Rose Of Cairo, 1985 | 17. Vicky Christina Barcelona, 2008 | 18. Sweet And Lowdown, 1999 | 19. Bullets Over Broadway, 1994 | 20. Wonder Wheel, 2017 | 21. Whatever Works, 2009 | 22. A Midsummers Night Sex Comedy, 1982 | 23. Take The Money And Run, 1969 | 24. To Rome With Love, 2012

24. François Truffaut

Writer | La nuit américaine

French director François Truffaut began to assiduously go to the movies at age seven. He was also a great reader but not a good pupil. He left school at 14 and started working. In 1947, aged 15, he founded a film club and met André Bazin, a French critic, who became his protector. Bazin helped the ...

1. Les Quatre Cents Coups, 1959 2. Jules et Jim, 1962 3. Tirez sur le Pianiste, 1960 4. Fahrenheit 451, 1966 5. La Nuit Americaine, 1973 6. Baisers Volés, 1968 7. Antoine et Colette, 1962 8. Domicile Conjugal, 1970 9. L'Amour en Fuite, 1979 10. The Last Metro, 1980 11. Une Histoire d'Eau, 1961 12. L'Histoire de Adele H., 1975 13. Les Mistons, 1957

25. Howard Hawks

Director | Red River

What do the classic films Scarface (1932), Twentieth Century (1934), Bringing Up Baby (1938), Only Angels Have Wings (1939), His Girl Friday (1940), Sergeant York (1941), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Red River (1948) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953) and Rio Bravo (1959) have in...

1. Rio Bravo, 1958 | 2. His Girl Friday, 1940 | 3. Only Angels Have Wings, 1939 | 4. Red River, 1948 | 5. The Big Sleep, 1946 | 6. I Was A Male War Bride, 1948 | 7. Scarface, 1932 | 8. Bringing up Baby, 1938 | 9. Sergeant York, 1941 | 10. Monkey Business, 1952 | 11. El Dorado, 1966 | 12. To Have and Have Not, 1944 | 13. Ball of Fire, 1941 | 14. The Big Sky, 1952 | 15. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, 1951

26. Paul Thomas Anderson

Director | Punch-Drunk Love

Anderson was born in 1970. He was one of the first of the "video store" generation of film-makers. His father was the first man on his block to own a V.C.R., and from a very early age Anderson had an infinite number of titles available to him. While film-makers like Spielberg cut their teeth making...

1. There Will Be Blood, 2007 2. Boogie Nights, 1997 3. Phantom Thread, 2017 4. The Master, 2012 5. Hard Eight, 1996 6. Punch-Drunk Love, 2002 7. Magnolia, 1999 8. Inherent Vice, 2014

27. Orson Welles

Actor | Citizen Kane

His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was six) he traveled the world with his father. He was orphaned at 15 after his father's death and became the ward of Dr. ...

1. Citizen Kane, 1941 2. Touch Of Evil, 1958 3. Macbeth, 1948 4. Le Proces, 1962 5. F For Fake, 1973 6. The Lady From Shanghai, 1947 7. The Tragedy Of Othello, 1952 8. Mr. Arkadin, 1955 9. The Stranger, 1946 10. The Magnificent Ambersons, 1942

28. Lars von Trier

Writer | Dancer in the Dark

Probably the most ambitious and visually distinctive filmmaker to emerge from Denmark since Carl Theodor Dreyer over 60 years earlier, Lars von Trier studied film at the Danish Film School and attracted international attention with his very first feature, The Element of Crime (1984). A highly ...

1. Dogville, 2003 2. Dancer In The Dark, 2000 3. Antichrist, 2009 4. Breaking The Waves, 1996 5. The Idiots, 1998 6. Manderlay, 2005 7. Europa, 1991 8. Melancholia, 2011 9. Nymphomaniac: Volume I, 2013 10. The Boss Of It All, 2006 11. The Element Of Crime, 1984 12. The Five Obstructions, 2003 13. Nymphomaniac: Volume II, 2014

29. Hayao Miyazaki

Director | Sen to Chihiro no kamikakushi

Hayao Miyazaki is one of Japan's greatest animation directors. The entertaining plots, compelling characters, and breathtaking animation in his films have earned him international renown from critics as well as public recognition within Japan. The Walt Disney Company's commitment to introduce the ...

1. Spirited Away, 2001 2. My Neighbour Totoro, 1988 3. Princess Mononoke, 1997 4. Castle In The Sky, 1986 5. Ponyo, 2008 6. Kiki's Delivery Service, 1989 7. The Castle Of Castriogloro, 1979 8. Porco Rosso, 1992 9. The Wind Rises, 2013

30. William Wyler

Director | The Best Years of Our Lives

William Wyler was an American filmmaker who, at the time of his death in 1981, was considered by his peers as second only to John Ford as a master craftsman of cinema. The winner of three Best Director Academy Awards, second again only to Ford's four, Wyler's reputation has unfairly suffered as the...

1. The Heiress, 1949 2. The Best Years Of Our Lives, 1946 3. Ben-Hur, 1959 4. The Desperate Hours, 1955 5. Jezebel, 1938 6. The Collector, 1965 7. Dead End, 1937 8. Roman Holiday, 1953 9. Dodsworth, 1936 10. Wuthering Heights, 1939 11. The Westerner, 1940

31. Jim Jarmusch

Director | Broken Flowers

Moved to New York City at the age of seventeen from Akron, Ohio. Graduated from Columbia University with a B.A. in English, class of '75. Without any prior film experience, he was accepted into the Tisch School of the Arts, New York.

1. Dead Man, 1995 2. Down By Law, 1988 3. Night On Earth, 1991 4. Coffee & Cigarettes, 2003 5. Mystery Train, 1989 6. Only Lovers Left Alive, 2013 7. Stranger Than Paradise, 1984 8. Broken Flowers, 2005 9. The Limits Of Control, 2009 10. Ghost Dog: The Way Of The Samurai, 1999 11. Paterson, 2016 12. Gimme Danger, 2016 13. Permanent Vacation, 1980

32. Ernst Lubitsch

Director | To Be or Not to Be

From Ernst Lubitsch's experiences in Sophien Gymnasium (high school) theater, he decided to leave school at the age of 16 and pursue a career on the stage. He had to compromise with his father and keep the account books for the family tailor business while he acted in cabarets and music halls at ...

1. Ninotchka, 1939 2. Trouble in Paradise, 1932 3. To Be or Not To Be, 1943 4. The Shop Around The Corner, 1940 5. Heaven Can Wait, 1943 6. Bluebeard's Eighth Wife, 1938 7. Romeo und Julia im Schnee, 1920 8. Design For Living, 1933 9. The Smiling Lieutenant, 1931 10. Die Puppe, 1919

33. Luchino Visconti

Writer | Rocco e i suoi fratelli

Luchino Visconti was born on November 2, 1906 in Milan, Lombardy, Italy as Luchino Visconti di Modrone. He was a writer and director, known for Rocco and His Brothers (1960), Death in Venice (1971) and Le Notti Bianche (1957). He died on March 17, 1976 in Rome, Lazio, Italy.

1. The Leopard, 1963 2. Death In Venice, 1972 3. Rocco And His Brothers, 1960 4. Bellissima, 1952 5. Ludwig, 1972 6. L'Innocente, 1976 7. La Terra Trema, 1948 8. La Notti Bianche, 1957 9. Ossessione, 1943 10. The Damned, 1969 11. Boccaccio '70, 1962 12. Le Streghe, 1967

34. Elia Kazan

Director | On the Waterfront

Known for his creative stage direction, Elia Kazan was born Elias Kazantzoglou on September 7, 1909 in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul, Turkey). Noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors, he directed 21 actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He ...

1. On The Waterfront, 1954 2. Viva Zapata!, 1952 3. East Of Eden, 1955 4. Panic In The Streets, 1950 5. A Streetcar Named Desire, 1951 6. Gentleman's Agreement, 1947 7. Boomerang!, 1947 8. Baby Doll, 1956

35. Frank Capra

Director | It's a Wonderful Life

One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you ...

1. It's A Wonderful Life, 1946 2. It Happened One Night, 1934 3. Mr. Deeds Goes To Town, 1936 4. Arsenic And Old Lace, 1944 5. Mr. Smith Goes To Washington, 1939 6. The Bitter Tea Of General Yen, 1932 7. Meet John Doe, 1941 8. Lost Horizon, 1937

36. Pier Paolo Pasolini

Writer | Salò o le 120 giornate di Sodoma

Pier Paolo Pasolini achieved fame and notoriety long before he entered the film industry. A published poet at 19, he had already written numerous novels and essays before his first screenplay in 1954. His first film Accattone (1961) was based on his own novel and its violent depiction of the life ...

1. Salo: The 120 Days Of Sodom, 1975 2. Mamma Roma, 1962 3. Theorema, 1968 4. Accatone, 1961 5. The Gospel According To Mattheus, 1964 6. 1001 Arabian Nights, 1974 7. The Canterbury Tales, 1972 8. Medea, 1969 9. Comizi d'Amore, 1964 10. The Decamaron, 1971 11. The Witches, 1967

37. David Lean

Director | Lawrence of Arabia

An important British filmmaker, David Lean was born in Croydon on March 25, 1908 and brought up in a strict Quaker family (ironically, as a child he wasn't allowed to go to the movies). During the 1920s, he briefly considered the possibility of becoming an accountant like his father before finding ...

1. Lawrence of Arabia, 1962 2. Doctor Zhivago, 1965 3. Brief Encounter, 1945 4. Great Expectations, 1946 5. Oliver Twist, 1948 6. The Bridge on the River Kwai, 1957 7. Summertime, 1955

38. Pedro Almodóvar

Writer | Hable con ella

The most internationally acclaimed Spanish filmmaker since Luis Buñuel was born in a small town (Calzada de Calatrava) in the impoverished Spanish region of La Mancha. He arrived in Madrid in 1968, and survived by selling used items in the flea-market called El Rastro. Almodóvar couldn't study ...

1. Talk To Her, 2002 2. The Skin I Live In, 2010 3. All About My Mother, 1999 4. Bad Education, 2004 5. Atamé!, 1989 6. Dolor Y Gloria, 2019 7. Volver, 2006 8. Julieta, 2016 9. Women On The Verge Of A Nervous Breakdown, 1988 10. Broken Embraces, 2008

39. Fritz Lang

Actor | Le mépris

Fritz Lang was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1890. His father managed a construction company. His mother, Pauline Schlesinger, was Jewish but converted to Catholicism when Lang was ten. After high school, he enrolled briefly at the Technische Hochschule Wien and then started to train as a painter. ...

1. Metropolis, 1927 2. M - Eine Stadt Sucht Einen Mörder, 1931 3. Dr. Mabuse: Der Spieler, 1922 4. Der Müde Tod, 1921 5. The Big Heat, 1953 6. Ministry of Fear, 1944 7. Die Nibelungen: Kriemhild's Rache, 1924 8. Die Nibelungen: Siegfried, 1924 9. The Woman in the Window, 1944 10. Die Spinnen - 1. Teil, 1919 11. Die Spinnen - 2. Teil, 1919 12. Secret Beyond The Door, 1948 13. Beyond A Reasonable Doubt, 1956 14. Moonfleet, 1955

40. Roberto Rossellini

Writer | Paisà

The master filmmaker Roberto Rossellini, as one of the creators of neo-realism, is one of the most influential directors of all time. His neo-realist films influenced France's nouvelle vague movement in the 1950s and '60s that changed the face of international cinema. He also influenced American ...

1. Journey To Italy, 1954 2. Rome, Open City, 1945 3. Germany Year Zero, 1948 4. Europe '51, 1952 5. Paisà, 1946 6. The Flowers Of St. Francis, 1950 7. L'Amore, 1948

41. Aki Kaurismäki

Producer | Le Havre

Aki Kaurismäki did a wide variety of jobs including postman, dish-washer and film critic, before forming a production and distribution company, Villealfa (in homage to Jean-Luc Godard's Alphaville (1965)) with his older brother Mika Kaurismäki, also a film-maker. Both Aki and Mika are prolific ...

1. Le Havre, 2011 2. Ariel, 1988 3. Drifting Clouds, 1996 4. Take Care Of Your Scarf, Tatiana, 1994 5. I Hired a Contract Killer, 1990 6. Crime & Punishment, 1983 7. The Other Side Of Hope, 2017 8. Calamari Union, 1985 9. The Man Without A Past, 2002 10. The Match Factory Girl, 1990 11. Lights in the Dusk, 2006 12. Rocky VI, 1986

42. Béla Tarr

Producer | Werckmeister harmóniák

Béla Tarr was born on July 21, 1955 in Pécs, Hungary. He is a producer and director, known for Werckmeister Harmonies (2000), The Turin Horse (2011) and Damnation (1988). He is married to Ágnes Hranitzky.

1. Damnation, 1988 2. Satantango, 1994 3. Werckmeister Harmonies, 2000 4. Autumn Almanac, 1984 5. The Turin Horse, 2011

43. Alejandro Jodorowsky

Writer | La montaña sagrada

Alejandro Jodorowsky was born in Iquique, Chile on February 17, 1929. In 1942 he moved to Santiago where he attended university, was a circus clown and a puppeteer. In 1955 he went to Paris and studied mime with Marcel Marceau. He worked with Maurice Chevalier there and made a short film, La cravate...

1. The Dance Of Reality, 2013 2. The Holy Mountain, 1973 3. Santa Sangre, 1989 4. Endless Poetry, 2016 5. El Topo, 1970 6. La Cravate, 1957

44. Quentin Tarantino

Writer | Reservoir Dogs

Quentin Jerome Tarantino was born in Knoxville, Tennessee. His father, Tony Tarantino, is an Italian-American actor and musician from New York, and his mother, Connie (McHugh), is a nurse from Tennessee. Quentin moved with his mother to Torrance, California, when he was four years old.

In January of...

1. Pulp Fiction, 1994 2. Reservoir Dogs, 1992 3. Django Unchained, 2012 4. The Hateful Eight, 2015 5. Inglorious Basterds, 2009 6. Death Proof, 2007 6. Jackie Brown, 1997 7. Kill Bill: Vol I, 2002 8. Kill Bill: Vol II, 2004 9. Once Upon A Time In... Hollywood, 2019

45. Louis Malle

Director | Au revoir les enfants

Louis Malle, the descendant of a French nobleman who made a fortune in beet sugar during the Napoleonic Wars, created films that explored life and its meaning. Malle's family discouraged his early interest in film but, in 1950, allowed him to enter the Institute of Advanced Cinematographic Studies ...

1. Au Revoir Les Enfants, 1987 2. My Dinner With André, 1981 3. Elevator To The Gallows, 1958 4. Lacombe Lucien, 1974 5. Atlantic City, 1980 6. The Fire Within, 1963

46. Sergei M. Eisenstein

Director | Aleksandr Nevskiy

The son of an affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and ...

1. Battleship Potemkin, 1925 2. Aleksandr Njefski, 1938 3. Ivan The Terrible: Part I, 1944 4. Que Viva Mexico!, 1932 5. Ivan The Terrible: Part II, 1958 6. Strike, 1925

47. Buster Keaton

Actor | The General

Joseph Frank Keaton was born on October 4, 1895 in Piqua, Kansas, to Joe Keaton and Myra Keaton. Joe and Myra were Vaudevillian comedians with a popular, ever-changing variety act, giving Keaton an eclectic and interesting upbringing. In the earliest days on stage, they traveled with a medicine ...

1. The General, 1926 | 2. The Cameraman, 1928 | 3. Sherlock Jr., 1924 | 4. Steamboat Bill Jr., 1928 | 5. Seven Chances, 1925 | 6. Cops, 1922 | 7. The Navigator, 1924 | 8. The Frozen North, 1922 | 9. College, 1927 | 10. The Paleface, 1922 | 11. Go West!, 1925 | 12. One Week, 1920 | 13. The Goat, 1921 | 14. Daydreams, 1922 | 15. The Playhouse, 1921 |

48. Sergio Leone

Writer | Once Upon a Time in America

Sergio Leone was virtually born into the cinema - he was the son of Roberto Roberti (A.K.A. Vincenzo Leone), one of Italy's cinema pioneers, and actress Bice Valerian. Leone entered films in his late teens, working as an assistant director to both Italian directors and U.S. directors working in ...

1. The Good, The Bad and the Ugly, 1966 2. Once Upon A Time in The West, 1968 3. For A Few Dollars More, 1965 4. Once Upon A Time In America, 1983 5. For a Fistfull of Dollars, 1964

49. Wes Anderson

Writer | Fantastic Mr. Fox

Wesley Wales Anderson was born in Houston, Texas. His mother, Texas Ann (Burroughs), is an archaeologist turned real estate agent, and his father, Melver Leonard Anderson, worked in advertising and PR. He has two brothers, Eric and Mel. Anderson's parents divorced when he was a young child, an ...

1. The Grand Budapest Hotel, 2014 2. The Royal Tenenbaums, 2001 3. Moonrise Kingdom, 2012 4. The Life Aquatic With Steve Zissou, 2004 5. Fantastic Mr. Fox, 2009 6. Rushmore, 1998 7. Isle Of Dogs, 2018 8. The Darjeeling Limited, 2007 9. Bottle Rocket, 1996

50. Éric Rohmer

Director | Le genou de Claire

Admirers have always had difficulty explaining Éric Rohmer's "Je ne sais quoi." Part of the challenge stems from the fact that, despite his place in French Nouvelle Vague (i.e., New Wave), his work is unlike that of his colleagues. While this may be due to the auteur's unwillingness to conform, ...

1. Claire's Knee, 1970 2. My Night At Maud's, 1969 3. Chloé In The Afternoon, 1972 4. Le Signe Du Lion, 1962 5. Suzanne's Career, 1963

51. John Huston

Director | The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

An eccentric rebel of epic proportions, this Hollywood titan reigned supreme as director, screenwriter and character actor in a career that endured over five decades. The ten-time Oscar-nominated legend was born John Marcellus Huston in Nevada, Missouri, on August 5, 1906. His ancestry was English,...

1. The Maltese Falcon, 1941 2. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, 1948 3. Key Largo, 1948 4. Beat The Devil, 1953 5. Fat City, 1972 6. Moby Dick, 1956 7. The African Queen, 1950

52. D.W. Griffith

Director | The Birth of a Nation

David Wark Griffith was born in rural Kentucky to Jacob "Roaring Jake" Griffith, a former Confederate Army colonel and Civil War veteran. Young Griffith grew up with his father's romantic war stories and melodramatic nineteenth-century literature that were to eventually shape his movies. In 1897 ...

1. Intolerance, 1916 2. The Birth of a Nation, 1915 3. Broken Blossoms, 1919 4. Way Down East, 1920 5. Orphans of the Storm, 1921 6. The Musketeers of Pig Alley, 1912 7. True Heart Susie, 1919 8. The Lonedale Operator, 1911 9. The Adventures of Billy, 1912 10. An Unseen Enemy, 1912 11. The House of Darkness, 1913 12. Mans Genesis, 1912 13. The Politician's Love Story, 1909 14. Mans Genesis, 1912

53. Chan-wook Park

Director | Ah-ga-ssi

Chan-wook Park was born on August 23, 1963 in Seoul, South Korea. He is a director and producer, known for The Handmaiden (2016), Thirst (2009) and Oldboy (2003). He is married to Eun-hee Kim. They have one child.

1. The Handmaiden, 2016 2. Oldboy, 2003 3. Lady Vengeance, 2005 4. I Am A Cyborg, But That's OK, 2006 5. J.S.A.: Joint Security Area, 2000

54. Jean Renoir

Writer | La grande illusion

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he ...

1. The Rules Of The Game, 1939 2. Boudu Saved From Drowning, 1932 3. La Grande Illusion, 1937 4. La Bete Humaine, 1938 5. The Golden Coach, 1952 6. La Chienne, 1931 7. A Day In The Country, 1936 8. Toni, 1935 9. The Southerner, 1945

55. Emir Kusturica

Director | Underground

A Serbian film director. Born in 1954 in Sarajevo. Graduated in film directing at the prestigious Academy of Performing Arts (FAMU) in Prague in 1978. During his studies, he was awarded several times for his short movies including Guernica (1978), which took first prize at the Student's Film ...

1. Black Cat, White Cat, 1998 2. Underground, 1995 3. Promise Me This, 2007 4. Arizona Dream, 1993

56. Nuri Bilge Ceylan

Director | Bir Zamanlar Anadolu'da

Nuri Bilge Ceylan was born in Istanbul on January 26th, 1959. In 1976, he began studying chemical engineering at Istanbul Technical University, in a context of strong student unrest, boycotts and political polarization. In 1978, he switched courses to Electrical Engineering at Bogazici University. ...

1. Kis Uykusu, 2014 2. Ahlat Agaci, 2019 3. Iklimler, 2007 4. Bir Zamanlar Anadolu'da, 2011 5. Üc Maymun, 2008 6. Koza, 1995

57. Max Ophüls

Director | La ronde

Director Max Ophüls was born Max Oppenheimer in Saarbrücken, Germany. He began his career as a stage actor and director in the golden twenties. He worked in cities such as Stuttgart, Dortmund, Wuppertal, Vienna, Frankfurt, Breslau and Berlin. In 1929 his son Marcel Ophüls was born in Frankfurt, ...

1. The Earrings Of Madame De, 1953 2. Lola Montés, 1955 3. Letter From An Unknown Woman, 1948 4. The Reckless Moment, 1949 5. Caught, 1949

58. F.W. Murnau

Director | Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans

F.W. Murnau was a German film director. He was greatly influenced by Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Shakespeare and Ibsen plays he had seen at the age of 12, and became a friend of director Max Reinhardt. During World War I he served as a company commander at the eastern front and was in the German air ...

1. Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans, 1927 2. Nosferatu: Eine Symphonie des Grauens, 1922 3. City Girl, 1930 4. Der Letzte Mann, 1924 5. Tabu, 1931 6. Tartuffe, 1925

59. Paolo Sorrentino

Writer | Youth

Paolo Sorrentino was born on May 31, 1970 in Naples, Campania, Italy. He is a writer and director, known for Youth (2015), The Great Beauty (2013) and This Must Be the Place (2011). He is married to Daniela D'Antonio. They have two children.

1. La Grande Belezza, 2013 2. The Consequences Of Love, 2004 3. Loro, 2018 4. Youth, 2015 5. Il Divo, 2008 6. The Family Friend, 2006 7. One Man Up, 2001 8. This Must Be The Place, 2011

60. Jafar Panahi

Director | Taxi

Jafar Panahi (Born 11 July 1960) is an Iranian film director, screenwriter, and film editor, commonly identified with the Iranian New Wave film movement. After several years of making short films and working as an assistant director for fellow Iranian film-maker Abbas Kiarostami, Panahi achieved ...

1. Taxi Teheran, 2015 2. The White Balloon, 1995 3. This Is Not A Film, 2011 4. Offside, 2006 5. Three Faces, 2018 6. The Circle, 2000 7. Crimson Gold, 2003 8. The Accordion, 2010

61. Michael Powell

Director | The Red Shoes

The son of Thomas William Powell and Mabel (nee Corbett). Michael Powell was always a self-confessed movie addict. He was brought up partly in Canterbury ("The Garden of England") and partly in the south of France (where his parents ran a hotel). Educated at Kings School, Canterbury and Dulwich ...

1. The Life And Death Of Colonel Blimp, 1943 2. The Red Shoes, 1948 3. Peeping Tom, 1960 4. A Matter Of Life And Death, 1946 5. I Know Where I'm Going, 1945 6. Black Narcissus, 1947

62. Michelangelo Antonioni

Writer | Blowup

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in 1912 into a middle-class family and grew up in bourgeois surroundings of the Italian province. In Bologna he studied economics and commerce while he painted and also wrote criticism for a local newspaper. In 1939 he went to Rome and worked for the journal "Cinema"...

1. Blowup, 1966 2. La Notte, 1962 3. L'Eclisse, 1962 4. L'Avventura, 1960 5. Il Deserto Rosso, 1964 6. The Passenger, 1975 7. Il Grido, 1958

63. Abbas Kiarostami

Director | Copie conforme

Abbas Kiarostami was born in Tehran, Iran, in 1940. He graduated from university with a degree in fine arts before starting work as a graphic designer. He then joined the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults, where he started a film section, and this started his career ...

1. Close-up, 1991 2. Taste of Cherry, 1997 3. Copie Conforme, 2010 4. The Bread And Alley, 1970

64. Roman Polanski

Actor | Chinatown

Roman Polanski is a Polish film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, Britain, France and the USA, he is considered one of the few truly international filmmakers. Roman Polanski was born in Paris in 1933.

His parents returned to Poland from France in 1936, three years ...

1. Repulsion, 1965 2. Chinatown, 1974 3. Cul-de-Sac, 1966 4. The Pianist, 2002 5. Knife In The Water, 1962 6. Carnage, 2011 7. Venus In Furs, 2013 8. Rosemary's Baby, 1968 9. The Fearless Vampire Killers, 1967

65. Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer | Gertrud

The illegitimate son of a Danish farmer and his Swedish housekeeper, Carl Theodor Dreyer was born in Copenhagen on the 3th of February, 1889. He spent his early years in various foster homes before being adopted by the Dreyers at the age of two. Contrary to popular belief (perhaps nourished by the ...

1. The Passion Of Joan Of Arc, 1928 2. Ordet, 1955 3. Gertrud, 1964 4. Vampyr, 1932

66. Krzysztof Kieslowski

Writer | Trois couleurs: Bleu

Krzysztof Kieslowski graduated from Lódz Film School in 1969, and became a documentary, TV and feature film director and scriptwriter. Before making his first film for TV, Przejscie podziemne (1974) (The Underground Passage), he made a number of short documentaries. His next TV title, Personnel (...

1. Trois Coleurs: Bleu, 1993 2. La Double Vie de Veronique, 1991 3. Trois Coleurs: Rouge, 1994 4. Dekalog, 1989 5. Trois Coleurs: Blanc, 1994

67. Kar-Wai Wong

Writer | Yi dai zong shi

Wong Kar-wai (born 17 July 1956) is a Hong Kong Second Wave filmmaker, internationally renowned as an auteur for his visually unique, highly stylised, emotionally resonant work, including Ah fei zing zyun (1990), Dung che sai duk (1994), Chung Hing sam lam (1994), Do lok tin si (1995), Chun gwong ...

1. In The Mood for Love, 2000 2. Chungking Express, 1994 3. Happy Together, 1997 4. 2046. 2004 5. Chacun son Cinema, 2007

68. Anthony Mann

Director | El Cid

Anthony Mann was born on June 30, 1906 in San Diego, California, USA as Emil Anton Bundesmann. He was a director and writer, known for El Cid (1961), Men in War (1957) and The Glenn Miller Story (1954). He was married to Anna; 1 child Nicholas Anthony Mann, Sara Montiel and Mildred Mann. He died on...

1. The Man From Laramie, 1955 2. Winchester '73, 1950 3. Man Of The West, 1958 4. Bend Of The River, 1952 5. The Glenn Miller Story, 1954 6. The Naked Spur, 1953 7. The Far Country, 1954 8. Raw Deal, 1948

69. Peter Greenaway

Director | The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover

Peter Greenaway trained as a painter and began working as a film editor for the Central Office of Information in 1965. Shortly afterwards he started to make his own films. He has produced a wealth of short and feature-length films, but also paintings, novels and other books. He has held several ...

1. The Cook, The Thief, His Wife and her Lover, 1989 2. The Draughtman's Contract, 1982 3. Drowning by Numbers, 1988 4. Eisenstein In Guanajito, 2015 5. Nightwatching, 2004 6. Rembrandt's J'Accuse, 2008

70. Jacques Tati

Writer | Les vacances de Monsieur Hulot

The comic genius Jacques Tati was born Taticheff, descended from a noble Russian family. His grandfather, Count Dimitri, had been a general in the Imperial Army and had served as military attaché to the Russian Embassy in Paris. His father, Emmanuel Taticheff, was a well-to-do picture framer who ...

1. Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot, 1953 2. Playtime, 1968 3. Mon Oncle, 1958 4. Jour de Fete, 1949 5. Cours de Soir, 1967 6. Trafic, 1971 7. Gai Dimanche, 1935 8. Un Demande un Brute, 1934 9. Soigne ton Gauche, 1936 10. Forza Bastia, 1977 11. Degustation Maison, 1978 12. Ecole des Facteurs, 1947 13. Parade, 1974

71. Alain Resnais

Director | Hiroshima mon amour

Alain Resnais was born on June 3, 1922 in Vannes, Morbihan, France as Alain Pierre Marie Jean Georges Resnais. He was a director and editor, known for Hiroshima Mon Amour (1959), Same Old Song (1997) and My American Uncle (1980). He was married to Sabine Azéma and Florence Malraux. He died on March...

1. Hiroshima Mon Amour, 1959 2. Last Year At Marienbad, 1961 3. Night & Fog, 1955 4. Je T'Aime, Je T'Aime, 1968 5. Muriel: Or The Time Of A Return, 1963

72. Josef von Sternberg

Director | The Devil Is a Woman

Josef von Sternberg split his childhood between Vienna and New York City. His father, a former soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army, could not support his family in either city; Sternberg remembered him only as "an enormously strong man who often used his strength on me." Forced by poverty to drop ...

1. The Docks of New York, 1928 2. Der Blaue Engel, 1930 3. Underworld, 1927 4. The Devil Is A Woman, 1935 5. The Last Command, 1928 6. Shanghai Express, 1932 7. The Scarlett Empress, 1934

73. Luc Dardenne

Producer | Deux jours, une nuit

Luc Dardenne was born on March 10, 1954 in Awirs, Wallonia, Belgium. He is a producer and director, known for Two Days, One Night (2014), Lorna's Silence (2008) and The Child (2005).

1. Deux Jours. Une Nuit, 2014 2. L'Enfant, 2005 3. Le Gamin au Vélo, 2011 4. Le Silence de Lorna, 2008 5. Chacun son Cinema, 2007

74. Richard Linklater

Director | Waking Life

Self-taught writer-director Richard Stuart Linklater was born in Houston, Texas, to Diane Margaret (Krieger), who taught at a university, and Charles W. Linklater III. Richard was among the first and most successful talents to emerge during the American independent film renaissance of the 1990s. ...

1. Slacker, 1991 2. Tape, 2001 3. Boyhood, 2014 4. Before Sunrise, 1995 5. Waking Life, 2001 6. Before Sunset, 2004 7. Before Midnight, 2013 8. Bernie, 2011

75. David Fincher

Director | Se7en

David Fincher was born in 1962 in Denver, Colorado, and was raised in Marin County, California. When he was 18 years old he went to work for John Korty at Korty Films in Mill Valley. He subsequently worked at ILM (Industrial Light and Magic) from 1981-1983. Fincher left ILM to direct TV commercials...

1. Se7en, 1995 2. Fight Club, 1999 3. Gone Girl, 2014 4. Zodiac, 2007 5. The Social Network, 2010 6. The Game, 1997 7. The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button, 2008

76. Vittorio De Sica

Director | Ladri di biciclette

Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in 1923. By the late 1920s he was a successful matinee ...

1. The Bicycle Thieves, 1948 2. Umberto D., 1952 3. The Garden Of The Finzi/Contini´s, 1971 4. Le Streghe, 1967 5. Boccaccio '70, 1962

77. Xavier Dolan

Actor | Tom à la ferme

Xavier Dolan was born on March 20, 1989 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada as Xavier Dolan-Tadros. He is an actor and writer, known for Tom at the Farm (2013), Heartbeats (2010) and I Killed My Mother (2009).

1. Mommy, 2014 2. I Killed My Mother, 2009 3. Tom At The Farm, 2013 4. Laurence Anyways, 2012 5. Heartbeats, 2010 6. It's Only The End Of The World, 2016

78. Dziga Vertov

Director | Chelovek s kino-apparatom

Born in Bialystok, Poland, studied music and enrolled in St. Petersburg Neurological Institute in 1916. Worked on first Soviet newsreel, Kinonedelia (1918-1919), then on subsequent newsreel series (inc. Kinopravda, 1922-1925).

1. Man with a Movie Camera, 1929 2. Enthuziazm, 1931 3. Sovietski Igrushki, 1924 4. Kino-Pravda 1, 1922 5. Kino Pravda 21, 1918

79. Jean Vigo

Writer | Zéro de conduite: Jeunes diables au collège

Jean Vigo had bad health since he was a child. Son of anarchist militant Miguel Almareyda, he also never really recovered from his father's mysterious death in jail when he was 12. Abandoned by his mother, he passed from boarding school to boarding school. Aged 23, through meetings with people ...

1. L'Atalante, 1934 2. A Propos de Nice, 1930 3. Zero de Conduite1933 4. Taris, Rio de L'Eau, 1931

80. Aleksey German

Director | Khrustalyov, mashinu!

Aleksey German was born on July 20, 1938 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, USSR as Aleksei Yuryevich German. He was an actor and director, known for Khrustalyov, My Car! (1998), Hard to Be a God (2013) and My Friend Ivan Lapshin (1985). He was married to Svetlana Karmalita. He died on February 21, 2013 ...

1. Hard To Be A God, 2013 2. Trial On The Road, 1971 3. My Friend Ivan Lapshin, 1985

81. David Cronenberg

Director | The Fly

David Cronenberg, also known as the King of Venereal Horror or the Baron of Blood, was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in 1943. His father, Milton Cronenberg, was a journalist and editor, and his mother, Esther (Sumberg), was a piano player. After showing an inclination for literature at an early...

1. Shivers, 1975 2. Eastern Promises, 2007 3. Videodrome, 1983 4. The Fy, 1986 5. Naked Lunch, 1991 6. A History Of Violence, 2005 7. Rabid, 1977

82. Raoul Walsh

Director | Sadie Thompson

Raoul Walsh's 52-year directorial career made him a Hollywood legend. Walsh was also an actor: He appeared in the first version of W. Somerset Maugham's "Rain" renamed Sadie Thompson (1928) opposite Gloria Swanson in the title role. He would have played the Cisco Kid in his own film In Old Arizona ...

1. White Heat, 1949 2. The Thief of Baghdad, 1924 3. High Sierra, 1941 4. The Roaring Twenties, 1939 5. The Big Trail, 1930 6. Me And My Gal, 1932 7. Regeneration, 1915 8. Sadie Thompson, 1928

83. Mervyn LeRoy

Director | Gypsy

The great San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906 was a tragedy for Mervyn LeRoy. While he and his father managed to survive, they lost everything they had. To make money, LeRoy sold newspapers and entered talent contests as a singer. When he entered vaudeville, his act was "LeRoy and Cooper--Two...

1. I Am A Fugitive From A Chain Gang, 1932 2. Three On A Match, 1932 3. Little Caesar, 1931 4. Mister Roberts, 1955 5. Waterloo Bridge, 1940

84. Darren Aronofsky

Director | Pi

Darren Aronofsky was born February 12, 1969, in Brooklyn, New York. Growing up, Darren was always artistic: he loved classic movies and, as a teenager, he even spent time doing graffiti art. After high school, Darren went to Harvard University to study film (both live-action and animation). He won ...

1. Requiem for a Dream, 2000 2. Pi, 1998 3. Black Swan, 2010 4. mother!, 2017 5. The Wrestler, 2009 6. The Fountain, 2007

85. Edgar Wright

Director | Shaun of the Dead

Edgar Howard Wright (born 18 April 1974) is an English director, screenwriter, producer, and actor. He is best known for his comedic Three Flavours Cornetto film trilogy consisting of Shaun of the Dead (2004), Hot Fuzz (2007), and The World's End (2013), made with recurrent collaborators Simon Pegg...

1. Shaun Of The Dead, 2004 2. Hot Fuzz, 2007 3. Baby Driver, 2017 4. Scott Pilgrim vs. The World, 2009 5. The World's End, 2013

86. Bernardo Bertolucci

Writer | The Last Emperor

Bernardo Bertolucci, the Italian director whose films were known for their colorful visual style, was born in Parma, Italy. He attended Rome University and became famous as a poet. He served as assistant director for Pier Paolo Pasolini in the film Accattone (1961) and directed The Grim Reaper (...

1. Last Tango in Paris, 1972 2. Il Conformista, 1970 3. The Last Emperor, 1987 4. Strategio del Ragno, 1970 5. La Commare Secca, 1962

87. Asghar Farhadi

Writer | Darbareye Elly

Asghar Farhadi was born in 1972 in Iran. He became interested in cinema in his teenage years and started his filmmaking education by joining the Youth Cinema Society of Esfahan in 1986 where he made 8mm and 16mm short films. He received his Bachelors in Theater from University of Tehran's School of...

1. The Salesman, 2016 2. A Separation, 2011 3. Todos Lo Saben, 2018 4. About Elly, 2009

88. Andrey Zvyagintsev

Director | Nelyubov

Andrei Zvyagintsev is a Russian filmmaker and was born on Feb.6, 1964 in the siberian city of Novisibirsk. He graduated from the Novosibirsk Actors School in 1984 and started to act on stage in provincial theatres. In the early 1990s he came to Moscow - the centre of the Russian film industry - ...

1. Leviathan, 2014 2. Loveless, 2017 3. The Return, 2003 4. Elena, 2011 5. The Banishment, 2007 6. Apocrypha, 2009 7. Tayna, 2011

89. Nicholas Ray

Director | Rebel Without a Cause

Nicholas Ray was born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle in 1911, in small-town Galesville, Wisconsin, to Lena (Toppen) and Raymond Joseph Kienzle, a contractor and builder. He was of German and Norwegian descent. Ray's early experience with film came with some radio broadcasting in high school. He left the ...

1. Rebel Without A Cause, 1955 2. In A Lonely Place, 1950 3. Johnny Guitar, 1954 4. They Live By Night, 1948 5. Bigger Than Life, 1956

90. Denis Villeneuve

Director | Blade Runner 2049

Denis Villeneuve is a French Canadian film director and writer. He was born in 1967, in Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada. He started his career as a filmmaker at the National Film Board of Canada. He is best known for his feature films Arrival (2016), Sicario (2015), Prisoners (2013), Enemy (2013), ...

1. Arrival, 2016 2. Incendies, 2010 3. Prisoners, 2013 4. Blade Runner 2049, 2017 5. Sicario, 2015 6. Enemy, 2013

91. Ruben Östlund

Director | Turist

Ruben Östlund was born on April 13, 1974 in Styrsö, Västra Götalands län, Sweden as Claes Olle Ruben Östlund. He is a director and writer, known for Force Majeure (2014), The Square (2017) and Involuntary (2008). He was previously married to Andrea Östlund.

1. The Square, 2017 2. Turist, 2014 3. Involuntary, 2008 4. Play, 2011

92. William A. Wellman

Director | A Star Is Born

William Wellman, the Oscar-winning screenwriter-director of the original A Star Is Born (1937), was called "Wild Bill" during his World War I service as an aviator, a nickname that persisted in Hollywood due to his larger-than-life personality and lifestyle.

A leap-year baby born in 1896 on the 29th...

1. The Public Enemy, 1931 2. The Ox-Bow Incident, 1943 3. Call Of The Wild, 1935 4. Night Nurse, 1931

93. Joris Ivens

Director | La Seine a rencontré Paris

Joris Ivens was born on November 18, 1898 in Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands as George Henri Anton Ivens. He was a director and writer, known for The Seine Meets Paris (1957), Pour le Mistral (1966) and A Tale of the Wind (1988). He was married to Marceline Loridan Ivens and Germaine Krull. He ...

1. La Seine a Recontré Paris, 1957 2. A Tale Of The Wind, 1988 3. Nieuwe Gronden, 1933 4. Regen, 1928 5. The Spanish Earth, 1937 6. De Brug, 1929

94. Yorgos Lanthimos

Director | The Lobster

Yorgos Lanthimos was born in Athens, Greece. He studied directing for Film and Television at the Stavrakos Film School in Athens. He has directed a number of dance videos in collaboration with Greek choreographers, in addition to TV commercials, music videos, short films and theater plays. Kinetta,...

1. The Killing Of A Sacred Deer, 2017 2. The Favourite, 2018 3. Dogtooth, 2009 4. The Lobster, 2015 5. Alps, 2011

95. Zhangke Jia

Producer | Tian zhu ding

Zhangke Jia was born on May 24, 1970 in Fenyang, Shanxi, China. He is a producer and director, known for A Touch of Sin (2013), Mountains May Depart (2015) and Still Life (2006). He has been married to Tao Zhao since January 7, 2012.

1. Touch Of Sin, 2013 2. Still Life, 2006 3. 24 City, 2008

96. Vsevolod Pudovkin

Director | Admiral Nakhimov

Vsevolod Pudovkin was born on February 28, 1893 in Penza, Russian Empire as Vsevolod Illarionovich Pudovkin. He was a director and actor, known for Admiral Nakhimov (1947), Zhukovsky (1950) and Minin i Pozharskiy (1939). He was married to Anna Zemtsova. He died on June 30, 1953 in Jurmala, Latvian ...

1. Konets Sankt-Petersburga, 1927 2. Mat, 1926 3. Shakkmatnaya Goryachka, 1925

97. Christopher Nolan

Writer | Inception

Best known for his cerebral, often nonlinear, storytelling, acclaimed writer-director Christopher Nolan was born on July 30, 1970 in London, England. Over the course of 15 years of filmmaking, Nolan has gone from low-budget independent films to working on some of the biggest blockbusters ever made.

...

1. Inception, 2010 2. The Prestige, 2006 3. Dunkirk, 2017 4. The Dark Knight, 2008 5. Memento, 2000 6. Batman Begins, 2005 7. Interstellar, 2014 8. The Dark Knight Rises, 2012 9. Insomnia, 2002 10. Following, 1996

98. Michael Curtiz

Director | Casablanca

Curtiz began acting in and then directing films in his native Hungary in 1912. After WWI, he continued his filmmaking career in Austria and Germany and into the early 1920s when he directed films in other countries in Europe. Moving to the US in 1926, he started making films in Hollywood for Warner...

1. Casablanca, 1942 2. Mildred Pierce, 1945 3. Angels With Dirty Faces, 1937 4. Captain Blood, 1935 5. The Adventures Of Robin Hood, 1938 6. Yankee Doodle Dandy, 1942 7. 20,000 Years In Sing Sing, 1932

99. Jean Cocteau

Writer | La belle et la bête

Jean Cocteau was one of the most multi-talented artists of the 20th century. In addition to being a director, he was a poet, novelist, painter, playwright, set designer, and actor. He began writing at 10 and was a published poet by age 16. He collaborated with the "Russian Ballet" company of Sergei...

1. Orpheus, 1950 2. Blood Of A Poet, 1932 3. Beauty And The Beast, 1946 4. Testament Of Orpheus, 1960

100. Preston Sturges

Writer | The Great McGinty

Preston Sturges' own life is as unlikely as some of the plots of his best work. He was born into a wealthy family. As a boy he helped out on stage productions for his mother's friend, Isadora Duncan (the scarf that strangled her was made by his mother's company, Maison Desti). He served in the U.S....

1. Sullivan's Travels, 1940 2. The Lady Eve, 1941 3. The Palm Beach Story, 1942



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