National Medal of the Artsby Sylviastel | created - 20 Jul 2012 | updated - 26 Jan 2019 | Public
Dorothy Chandler was born on May 19, 1901 in Lafayette, Illinois, USA. She was married to Norman Chandler. She died on July 6, 1997.
Actress | Les noces de Figaro
3. Frank Stella
Art_department | Odd Nerdrum: Time, Water, Recollection
Frank Stella was born on May 12, 1936 in Malden, Massachusetts, USA. He is known for his work on Odd Nerdrum: Time, Water, Recollection (1992), Painters Painting (1972) and American Art in the 1960s (1972).
Philip Johnson was born on July 8, 1906 in Cleveland, Ohio, USA as Philip Cortelyou Johnson. He is known for his work on Beyond Utopia: Changing Attitudes in American Architecture (1983), Cultural Celebrities (1979) and Richard Meier (1986). He died on January 25, 2005 in New Canaan, Connecticut, ...
Writer | Adventures in Paradise
James A. Michener was born on February 3, 1907 in New York City, New York, USA as James Albert Michener. He is known for his work on Adventures in Paradise (1959), Return to Paradise (1953) and South Pacific (1958). He was married to Mari Michener, Vange Nord and Patti Koon. He died on October 16, ...
Music_department | Ascension
Elliott Cook Carter Jr. was a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American Western-classical-music composer who was born in and lived in New York City. He studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris in the 1930s and then returned to the United States. After a neoclassical phase, he went on to write atonal, ...
Soundtrack | Alice
Writer | King of the Bingo Game
Ralph Ellison was born on March 1, 1914 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA as Ralph Waldo Ellison. He was a writer, known for King of the Bingo Game (1999), The Fifties (1997) and American Masters (1985). He was married to Fanny McConnell and Rose Poindexter. He died on April 16, 1994 in New York City...
10. José Ferrer
Actor | Dune
José Ferrer was born on January 8, 1912 in Santurce, Puerto Rico as José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón. He was an actor, known for Dune (1984), Cyrano de Bergerac (1950) and Moulin Rouge (1952). He was married to Stella Daphne Magee, Rosemary Clooney, Phyllis Hill and Uta Hagen. He died on ...
11. Martha Graham
Writer | Lamentation
American dancer and choreographer Martha Graham was a revolutionary artist of modern dance in the early 20th century. Born in Allegheny, a suburb of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in May 1894, her family moved to California when she was 10. She was inspired at that early age to become a dancer when she ...
12. Lincoln Kirstein
Writer | Glory
He was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts in 1985 by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington D.C.
14. Louise Nevelson
Louise Nevelson was born on September 23, 1899 in Pereyaslav, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire as Leah Berliawsky. She was married to Charles Nevelson. She died on April 17, 1988 in New York City, New York, USA.
15. Georgia O'Keeffe
Art_department | Marsalis on Music
The artist Georgia O'Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin on November 18, 1887. In 1905, O'Keeffe attended the Art Institute of Chicago before moving to New York City to study at the Art Students League in New York City in the period 1907-08. After working as a commercial artist in Chicago, ...
16. Leontyne Price
Soundtrack | Romeo + Juliet
Leontyne Price was born on February 10, 1927 in Laurel, Mississippi, USA as Mary Leontyne Price. She is an actress, known for Romeo + Juliet (1996), The Metropolitan Opera Presents (1977) and NBC Television Opera Theatre (1949). She was previously married to William Warfield.
17. Marian Anderson
Soundtrack | The Great Debaters
Marian Anderson was born on February 27, 1897, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was the first of three sisters in the family. Her father, named John Anderson, was a salesman at a railroad station. Her mother, named Anna Anderson, was a schoolteacher. From the age of six, Anderson sang in the ...
18. Frank Capra
Director | It's a Wonderful Life
One of seven children, Frank Capra was born on May 18, 1897, in Bisacquino, Sicily. On May 10, 1903, his family left for America aboard the ship Germania, arriving in New York on May 23rd. "There's no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. They're all miserable. It's the most degrading place you ...
19. Aaron Copland
Soundtrack | He Got Game
Aaron Copland is an Academy Award-winning composer (The Heiress (1949)), author, conductor, lecturer and educator. He was educated at public schools and was a music student of his sister and later Leopold Wolfson, Victor Wittgenstein, Clarence Adler, Rubin Goldmark and Nadia Boulanger. In 1925, he ...
Self | De kooning on de kooning
Willem de Kooning was born on April 24, 1904 in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. He was married to Elaine de Kooning. He died on March 19, 1997 in Long Island, New York, USA.
21. Agnes de Mille
Agnes de Mille was born on September 18, 1905 in Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA as Agnes George de Mille. She is known for her work on Oklahoma! (1955), The Ragamuffin (1916) and Carousel (1956). She was married to Walter Foy Prude. She died on October 7, 1993 in Greenwich Village,...
23. Eva Le Gallienne
Actress | Resurrection
Legendary stage actress Eva Le Gallienne's life began just as grandly as the daughter of poet Richard Le Gallienne. Sarah Bernhardt was her idol growing up and, at age 18, was brought to New York by her mother. Making her London debut with "Monna Vanna" in 1914, she proved a star in every sense of ...
24. Alan Lomax
Soundtrack | Attack the Block
Alan Lomax was born on January 31, 1915 in Austin, Texas, USA. He was married to Antoinette Marchand and Elizabeth Harold. He died on July 19, 2002 in Safety Harbor, Florida, USA.
25. Lewis Mumford
Writer | The City
Lewis Mumford was born on October 19, 1895 in Flushing, New York, USA. He was a writer, known for The City (1939), Lewis Mumford on the City, Part 2: The City - Cars or People? (1963) and Lewis Mumford on the City, Part 3: The City and Its Region (1963). He died on January 26, 1990 in Amenia, New ...
26. Eudora Welty
Writer | American Playhouse
Eudora Welty was born on April 13, 1909 in Jackson, Mississippi, USA as Eudora Alice Welty. She was a writer, known for American Playhouse (1981), A Worn Path (1994) and Masterpiece Classic (1971). She died on July 23, 2001 in Jackson.
27. Romare Bearden
Art_department | Gloria
Romare Bearden was born on September 2, 1912 in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA as Romare Howard Bearden. He is known for his work on Gloria (1980), Marsalis on Music (1995) and The Core of the Apple (1986). He died on March 12, 1988 in New York City, New York, USA.
28. Ella Fitzgerald
Soundtrack | When Harry Met Sally...
On Saturday, June 15th, 1996, an era in jazz singing came to an end, with the death of Ella Fitzgerald at her home in California. She was the last of four great female jazz singers (including Billie Holiday, Sarah Vaughan, and Carmen McRae) who defined one of the most prolific eras in jazz vocal ...
29. Sydney Lewis
Sydney Lewis is known for his work on Out of the Closet, Off the Screen: The Life of William Haines (2001) and Studs Terkel: Listening to America (2009).
1987. Mr and Mrs. Sydney Lewis were awarded the National Medal of the Arts.
30. Howard Nemerov
Writer | Tall Story
31. Alwin Nikolais
Composer | Zelt
Alwin Nikolais was born on November 25, 1910 in Southington, Connecticut, USA. He is known for his work on Zelt (1969), The Company (2003) and Totem (1963). He died on May 8, 1993 in New York City, New York, USA.
32. Isamu Noguchi
Director | Shizukanaru boryoku
Isamu Noguchi was born on November 17, 1904 in Los Angeles, California, USA as Isamu Gilmour. He is known for his work on Shizukanaru boryoku (1963), Frontier (1936) and Appalachian Spring (1944). He died on December 30, 1988 in New York City, New York, USA.
33. William Schuman
Composer | Omnibus
William Schuman was born on August 4, 1910 in New York City, New York, USA as William Howard Schuman. He was a composer, known for Omnibus (1952), Night Journey (1960) and Eye on New York (1956). He died on February 15, 1992 in Manhattan, New York.
Writer | All the King's Men
Robert Penn Warren was born on April 24, 1905 in Guthrie, Kentucky, USA. He is known for his work on All the King's Men (1949), All the King's Men (2006) and Band of Angels (1957). He was married to Eleanor Clark and Emma Brescia. He died on September 15, 1989 in Stratton, Vermont, USA.
35. Brooke Astor
Self | Empire City
Brooke Astor was born on March 30, 1902 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA. She died on August 13, 2007 in Briarcliff Manor, New York, USA.
36. Saul Bellow
Actor | Zelig
Saul Bellow was born on June 10, 1915 in Lachine, Québec, Canada as Solomon Bellows. He was a writer and actor, known for Zelig (1983), Henderson the Rain King and Thirty-Minute Theatre (1965). He was married to Janis Freedman Bellow, Alexandra Ionesco Tuleca, Susan Glassman, Alexandra Tschacbasov ...
37. Sydney Freedberg
38. Helen Hayes
Actress | Airport
Known as "The First lady of the American Theater", Helen Hayes had a legendary career on stage and in films and television that spanned over eighty years. Hayes was born in Washington, D.C., to Catherine Estelle "Essie" Hayes, an actress who worked in touring companies, and Francis van Arnum Brown,...
39. Gordon Parks
Director | The Learning Tree
The pre-eminent American photojournalist of sub-Saharan descent. An acclaimed photographer for Life magazine from the late 40s through late 60s, he turned to directing films, his second of which, the blaxploitation movie Shaft (1971), achieved success at the box office. In 1989 his first film ...
40. I.M. Pei
Art_department | Une nuit, le Louvre avec Lambert Wilson
I.M. Pei was born on April 26, 1917 in Canton, China as Ieoh Ming Pei. He was married to Eileen Loo. He died on May 16, 2019 in Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA.
41. Jerome Robbins
Writer | West Side Story
Jerome Robbins was born on October 11, 1918 in New York City, New York, USA as Jerome Rabinowitz. He is known for his work on West Side Story (1961), Fiddler on the Roof (1971) and Producers' Showcase (1954). He died on July 29, 1998 in New York City.
42. Rudolf Serkin
Soundtrack | Slaughterhouse-Five
Rudolf Serkin was born on March 28, 1903 in Eger, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary. He was married to Irene Busch. He died on May 8, 1991 in Guilford, Vermont, USA.
43. Roger L. Stevens
44. Virgil Thomson
Composer | Louisiana Story
One of the driving forces, both as critic and musician, of 20th century American music, Thomson studied music at both Harvard University and elsewhere in the Boston area before moving to Paris to study with Nadia Boulanger in 1921. After spending a short time in his native land, he returned to ...
45. Katherine Dunham
Actress | Star Spangled Rhythm
Dancer, choreographer, composer and songwriter, educated at the University of Chicago. She made world tours as a dancer, choreographer, and director of her own dance company. She directed the Katherine Dunham School of Dance in New York, and was artist-in-residence at Southern Illinois University. ...
47. Dizzy Gillespie
Soundtrack | The Talented Mr. Ripley
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie, along with Charlie Parker, ushered in the era of Be-Bop in the American jazz tradition. He was born in Cheraw, South Carolina, and was the youngest of nine children. He began playing piano at the age of four and received a music scholarship to the Laurinburg Institute ...
Vladimir Samoylovich Horowitz was born on October 1, 1903, in Berdichev (near Kiev), Ukraine (then Russian Empire). His father, named Simeon Horowitz, was an electrical engineer. His mother, named Sophie Horowitz, was a professional pianist and teacher at the Kiev Conservatory. Young Vladimir ...
49. Czeslaw Milosz
Writer | Robinson warszawski
Czeslaw Milosz was born on June 30, 1911 in Szetejnie, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire. He was a writer, known for Robinson warszawski (1950), Valley of the Issa (1982) and Culture (1985). He was married to Carol Marie Thigpen and Janina Dluska. He died on August 14, 2004 in Kraków, Malopolskie, ...
Robert Motherwell was born on January 4, 1915 in Aberdeen, Washington, USA. He was married to Helen Frankenthaler. He died on July 16, 1991 in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA.
51. John Updike
Writer | The Witches of Eastwick
John Updike is among the leading novelists of the late 20th century, having twice won the Pulitzer Prize. Updike graduated Harvard College in 1954 to the staff of the New Yorker, with whom he has worked ever since as a contributor and reviewer. Updike has published 15 novels and lives in ...
52. George Abbott
Writer | The Pajama Game
Legendary Broadway writer/producer/director George Abbott was born in 1887 in Forestville, New York. His father was mayor of Salamanca, New York, for two terms. In 1898 his family moved to Cheyenne, Wyoming, and Abbott attended Kearney Military Academy. The family returned to New York, where Abbott...
53. Hume Cronyn
Actor | Cocoon
Hume Cronyn was a Canadian actor with a lengthy career. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in "The Seventh Cross" (1944).
Cronyn was born to a prominent family. His father was politician Hume Blake Cronyn (1864-1933), Member of Parliament for London, ...
54. Merce Cunningham
Director | Deli Commedia
Merce Cunningham was born on April 16, 1919 in Centralia, Washington, USA as Mercier Philip Cunningham. He was a director and writer, known for Deli Commedia (1984), Merce Cunningham (1998) and Assemblage (1968). He was married to John Cage. He died on July 26, 2009 in New York City, New York, USA.
56. B.B. King
Actor | Blues Brothers 2000
B.B. King was born on September 16, 1925 as Riley B. King. He was married to Sue Carol Hall and Martha Lee Denton. He died on May 14, 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.
57. Jacob Lawrence
Animation_department | The Promised Land
58. Beverly Sills
Actress | Live from Lincoln Center
This vibrant, fine-humored coloratura was able to accomplish what most others of her ilk could or would not do -- she humanized opera and made it approachable to the masses. There were no diva-like traits in this star and the public absolutely adored her for it. Dubbed "America's Queen of Opera" in...
59. Jessica Tandy
Actress | Driving Miss Daisy
A beloved, twinkly blue-eyed doyenne of stage and screen, actress Jessica Tandy's career spanned nearly six and a half decades. In that span of time, she enjoyed an amazing film renaissance at age 80, something unheard of in a town that worships youth and nubile beauty. She was born Jessie Alice ...
60. Roy Acuff
Soundtrack | Night Train to Memphis
Roy Acuff was born on September 15, 1903 in Maynardville, Tennessee, USA as Roy Claxton Acuff. He was married to Mildred Louise Douglas. He died on November 23, 1992 in Nashville, Tennessee.
He was awarded the American National Medal of the Arts in 1991 by the National Endowment of the Arts in Washington D.C.
Actor | Dirty Dancing
Charles 'Honi' Coles was born on April 2, 1911 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. He was an actor, known for Dirty Dancing (1987), Rocky II (1979) and The Cotton Club (1984). He was married to Marion Coles. He died on November 12, 1992 in New York City, New York, USA.
65. Kitty Carlisle
Actress | A Night at the Opera
Kitty Carlisle Hart wore a cloak of many professional and elegant colors. Actress, opera singer, Broadway performer, TV celebrity, game show panelist, patron of the arts, and, at age 95, this vital woman continued her six-decade musical odyssey with songs and reminisces in her one-woman show: "...
66. Pearl Primus
Actress | Great Performances: Dance in America
Pearl Primus was born on November 29, 1919 in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. She was an actress, known for Great Performances: Dance in America (1976) and All Star Revue (1950). She died on October 29, 1994 in New Rochelle, New York, USA.
67. Isaac Stern
Soundtrack | The Talented Mr. Ripley
Isaac Stern was born on July 21, 1920 in Kremenets/Krzemieniec, Ukrainian People's Republic. He was married to Linda Reynolds, Vera Lindenblit and Nora Kaye. He died on September 22, 2001 in New York City, New York, USA.
68. Marilyn Horne
Soundtrack | Strange Days
Marilyn Horne was born on January 16, 1934 in Bradford, Pennsylvania, USA. She is an actress, known for Strange Days (1995), Carmen Jones (1954) and Orlando furioso (1990). She was previously married to Nicola Zaccaria and Henry Lewis.
70. James Earl Jones
Actor | Rogue One
Widely regarded as the one of greatest stage and screen actors both in his native USA and internationally, James Earl Jones was born on January 17, 1931 in Arkabutla, Mississippi. At an early age, he started to take dramatic lessons to calm himself down. It appeared to work as he has since starred ...
71. Lila Wallace
72. Minnie Pearl
Actress | That Tennessee Beat
Sarah Colley studied dramatics in Belmont College in Nashville, intending to be a serious actress, but while touring with an Atlanta company, she created the Minnie Pearl character that became her life's work. Her first Grand Old Opry appearance was on the radio show in 1940, followed by 27 years ...
1992: Her medal was donated to the Grand Ole Opry Museum in Nashville, Tennessee where it is shown on display.
73. Robert Saudek
Producer | Profiles in Courage
Robert Saudek was born on April 11, 1911 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. He was a producer, known for Profiles in Courage (1964), Omnibus (1952) and Dow Hour of Great Mysteries (1960). He was married to Elizabeth Koch. He died on March 17, 1997 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
74. Earl Scruggs
Soundtrack | Bonnie and Clyde
Earl Scruggs was born on January 6, 1924 as Earl Eugene Scruggs. He is known for his work on Bonnie and Clyde (1967), The Love Guru (2008) and Penguins of Madagascar (2014). He was married to Louise Scruggs. He died on March 28, 2012 in Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
76. Billy Taylor
Soundtrack | Mr. Church
Billy Taylor was born on July 24, 1921 in Greenville, North Carolina, USA as William Taylor. He was married to Theodora Taylor. He died on December 28, 2010 in New York City, New York, USA.
77. Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi was born on June 25, 1925 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA as Robert Charles Venturi Jr. He was married to Denise Scott Brown. He died on September 18, 2018 in Philadelphia.
Denise Scott Brown was born as Denise Lakofski. She was previously married to Robert Venturi and Robert Scott Brown.
79. Robert Wise
Director | West Side Story
Robert Earl Wise was born on September 10, 1914 in Winchester, Indiana, the youngest of three sons of Olive R. (Longenecker) and Earl Waldo Wise, a meat packer. His parents were both of Pennsylvania Dutch (German) descent. At age nineteen, the avid moviegoer came into the film business through an ...
80. Cab Calloway
Soundtrack | The Blues Brothers
Bandleader, songwriter ("Minnie the Moocher", "Are You Hep to That Jive?"), composer, singer, actor and author, educated at Crane College. While studying law, he sang with the band The Alabamians, and took over the group in 1928. He led The Missourians orchestra, then organized and led his own ...
81. Ray Charles
Soundtrack | Ray
A tragic fate may have given this visionary a heightened sensitivity, perception, awareness, even expansion to his obvious musical gifts that he may have never touched upon had he not suffered from his physical affliction. Whatever it was, Ray Charles revolutionized American music and was ...
82. Bess Hawes
Director | Pizza Pizza Daddy-O
Bess Hawes was born on January 21, 1921 in Austin, Texas, USA as Bess Lomax. She was a director, known for Pizza Pizza Daddy-O (1967), Georgia Sea Island Singers (1964) and Buckdancer (1965). She was married to Baldwin Hawes. She died on November 27, 2009 in Portland, Oregon, USA.
83. Robert Merrill
Soundtrack | The Immigrant
One of the Metropolitan Opera's most enduring and acclaimed baritones, Brooklyn-born Robert Merrill was born Moishe Miller on June 4, 1919 (some sources list 1917), the son of Polish émigrés. His father, Abraham, was a shoe salesman and mother Lillian was an operatic soprano who performed in ...
84. Arthur Miller
Writer | The Crucible
Arthur Asher Miller was born on October 17, 1915, in New York City, one of three children born to Augusta (nee Barnett) and Isidore Miller. His family was of Austrian Jewish descent. His father manufactured women's coats, but his business was devastated by the Depression, seeding his son's ...
Director | Linoleum
Robert Rauschenberg is an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement. Rauschenberg is well known for his "combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in various combinations. Rauschenberg was both a painter and a ...
86. Lloyd Richards
Director | American Playhouse
Lloyd Richards was born on June 29, 1919 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada as Lloyd George Richards. He was a director and actor, known for American Playhouse (1981), The Piano Lesson (1995) and The Wide World of Mystery (1973). He was married to Barbara Davenport. He died on June 29, 2006 in New York ...
87. William Styron
Writer | Sophie's Choice
William Styron was born on June 11, 1925 in Newport News, Virginia, USA as William Clark Styron. He was a writer, known for Sophie's Choice (1982), Lie Down in Darkness and Playhouse 90 (1956). He was married to Rose Burgunder. He died on November 1, 2006 in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA.
88. Paul Taylor
Paul Taylor was born on July 29, 1930 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA as Paul Belville Taylor Jr. He is known for his work on Great Performances: Dance in America (1976), The Wrecker's Ball: Three Dances by Paul Taylor (1996) and American Ballet Theatre in San Francisco (1985). He died on August ...
89. Billy Wilder
Writer | The Apartment
Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he worked for the city's largest tabloid. He broke into films as a screenwriter in 1929 and wrote scripts for many ...
90. Harry Belafonte
Actor | Bobby
Harold George Belafonte was born on March 1, 1927 in New York City. He was educated at the New York Dramatic Workshop. He grew up in Jamaica, British West Indies, and did folk-singing in nightclubs and theaters, and on television and records. His debut was at the Village Vanguard in New York. Also,...
91. Dave Brubeck
Soundtrack | Inland Empire
Dave Brubeck was born on December 6, 1920 in Concord, California, USA as David Warren Brubeck. He was married to Iola Brubeck. He died on December 5, 2012 in Norwalk, Connecticut, USA.
92. Celia Cruz
Soundtrack | Carlito's Way
Celia Cruz was born on October 21, 1925 in Havana, Cuba as Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso. She was married to Pedro Knight. She died on July 16, 2003 in Fort Lee, New Jersey, USA.
93. Dorothy Delay
94. Julie Harris
Actress | The Haunting
One of the finest classical and contemporary leading ladies ever to grace the 20th century American stage, five-time Tony Award winner Julie Harris was rather remote and reserved on camera, finding her true glow in front of the theatre lights. The freckled, red-haired actress not only was nominated...
95. Erick Hawkins
Self | Galaxie
Erick Hawkins was born on April 23, 1909 in Trinidad, Colorado, USA. He died on November 23, 1994 in New York, USA.
96. Gene Kelly
Soundtrack | Singin' in the Rain
Eugene Curran Kelly was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the third son of Harriet Catherine (Curran) and James Patrick Joseph Kelly, a phonograph salesman. His father was of Irish descent and his mother was of Irish and German ancestry.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the largest and most powerful studio in...
97. Pete Seeger
Soundtrack | Confessions of a Dangerous Mind
Sixteen-year-old Pete Seeger enrolled at the Avon Old Farms School in Connecticut and then decided to become a hermit. His life since then has been one social cause after another, buoyed by an almost indefatigable career as a self-described "sing-along leader."
During the 1930s he attended Harvard, ...
99. Richard Wilbur
Soundtrack | Me and You and Everyone We Know
Richard Wilbur was born on March 1, 1921 in New York City, New York, USA as Richard Purdy Wilbur. He was married to Mary Charlotte Hayes Ward. He died on October 14, 2017 in Belmont, Massachusetts, USA.
100. Licia Albanese
Actress | Serenade
Licia Albanese was born on July 23, 1909 in Bari, Apulia, Italy as Felicia Albanese. She was an actress, known for Serenade (1956), Little Shop of Erotica (2001) and Otello (1948). She was married to Joseph A. Gimma. She died on August 15, 2014 in Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA.